Roseburia inulinivorans is a recently identified motile representative of the Firmicutes that contributes to butyrate formation from a variety of dietary polysaccharide substrates in the human large intestine. Microarray analysis was used here to investigate substrate-driven gene expression changes in R. inulinivorans A2-194. A cluster of fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS)/inulin utilisation genes induced during growth on inulin included one encoding a b-fructofuranosidase protein that was prominent in the proteome of inulin-grown cells. This cluster also included a 6-phosphofructokinase and an ABC transport system, while a distinct inulin-induced 1-phosphofructokinase was linked to a fructose-specific phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS II transport enzyme). Real-time PCR analysis demonstrated that the b-fructofuranosidase and adjacent ABC transport protein showed greatest induction during growth on inulin, whereas the 1-phosphofructokinase enzyme and linked PTS II transport system were most strongly up-regulated during growth on fructose, indicating that these two clusters play distinct roles in the utilization of inulin. The R. inulinivorans B-fructofuranosidase was over-expressed in E. coli and shown to hydrolyse fructans ranging from inulin down to sucrose, with greatest activity on fructo-oligosacharides. Genes induced on starch included the major extra-cellular a-amylase and two distinct a-glucanotransferases together with a gene encoding a flagellin protein. The latter response may be concerned with improving bacterial access to insoluble starch particles.
RNA was purified from mid-exponential phase (OD650 = 0.4) cultures of R. inulinivorans grown on basal YCFA supplemented with a single substrate of either starch or inulin using the RNeasy RNA purification kit (Qiagen), and the mRNA component enriched using the MICROBExpress system (Ambion). The purified RNA (1 ug) was labelled by reverse transcription (Amersham), employing random nonamer extension incorporating either dCTP-Cy3 or dCTP-Cy5 dyes. In order to ensure reproducibility, and to obtain statistically significant results, the dye labelling was swapped for a second hybridisation. RNA purified from a separate biological replicate was labelled and hybridised twice in the same way.
|Date made available||22 Mar 2012|
|Date of data production||9 Jun 2010|