A computational study of convection heat transfer to CO2 at supercritical pressure in a vertical mini tube

Shuisheng He, P. X. Jiang, Y. J. Xu, Y. F. Shi, W. S. Kim, J. D. Jackson

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Computational simulations of experiments on turbulent convection heat transfer of carbon dioxide at supercritical pressures in a vertical tube of diameter 0.948 mm have been carried out using low-Reynolds number eddy viscosity turbulence models. The simulations were able to reproduce the general features exhibited in the experiments, although, in some cases, the details between the simulations and the experiments were very different. A better understanding of the problem has been developed based on the information generated by the simulations on the detailed flow and turbulence fields. It has been shown that for mini tubes such as the one used in the current study, the buoyancy effect is generally insignificant. However, heat transfer can still be significantly impaired as a result of flow acceleration when the heating is strong, which causes a reduction in turbulence production. Such an effect can be described in terms of the heating acceleration parameter Omega(1). This parameter correlates reasonably well the data from all the cases considered in the current study. (c) 2005 Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-530
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Thermal Sciences
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005


  • supercritical fluids
  • mini tube
  • convection
  • CFD modelling
  • flow acceleration

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