A conceptual model for glaciogenic reservoirs: from landsystems to reservoir architecture

Bartosz Kurjanski* (Corresponding Author), Brice R. Rea, Matteo Spagnolo, David G. Cornwell, John Howell, Stuart Archer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Glaciogenic sediments are present in many hydrocarbon-producing basins across the globe but their complex nature makes it difficult to characterise the reservoir-quality sedimentary units. Despite this, Ordovician glacial deposits in North Africa, and Carboniferous-Permian glaciogenic sequences in the Middle East, have been proven to host significant, economical, hydrocarbon accumulations. Additionally, discoveries have been made in the shallow (<1000 m below seabed), glacial, Pleistocene sedimentary succession of the North Sea (e.g. Peon and Aviat). This paper provides a predictive exploration framework in the form of a conceptual model of glaciogenic sediment landform distributions. The model is based on the extensive onshore glacial sedimentary record integrated with available offshore data. It synthesises the published knowledge, drawing heavily on glacial landsystem models, glacial geomorphology and sedimentology of glaciogenic deposits to provide a novel conceptual model allowing for the efficient description and interpretation of glacial sediments and landforms in the subsurface. Subsequently, land-terminating and water-terminating ice sheet depositional systems are described and discussed, with respect to ice advance and retreat cycles. This detailed description focuses on the macro-scale stratigraphic organisation of glacial sediments with relation to the ice margin, aiding the prediction of glaciogenic sediment distributions, and their likely geometry, architecture and connectivity as reservoirs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104205
Number of pages33
JournalMarine and Petroleum Geology
Volume115
Early online date27 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • 3D SEISMIC DATA
  • CENTRAL NORTH-SEA
  • CONTINENTAL-SLOPE MORPHOLOGY
  • CROSS-SHELF TROUGHS
  • ICE-SHEET RETREAT
  • LAKE OUTBURST FLOODS
  • LAST GLACIAL MAXIMUM
  • SEMIQUANTITATIVE SEDIMENTOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
  • TROUGH-MOUTH FAN
  • TUNNEL-VALLEYS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economic Geology
  • Geology
  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Stratigraphy

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