A continuum damage model for delaminations in laminated composites

Stephen R Reid, Z. Zou, S. Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Delamination, a typical mode of interfacial damage in laminated composites, has been considered in the context of continuum damage mechanics in this paper. Interfaces where delaminations could occur are introduced between the constituent layers. A simple but appropriate continuum damage representation is proposed. A single scalar damage parameter is employed and the degradation of the interface stiffness is established. Use has been made of the concept of a damage surface to derive the damage evolution law. The damage surface is constructed so that it combines the conventional stress-based and fracture-mechanics-based failure criteria which take account of mode interaction in mixed-mode delamination problems. The damage surface shrinks as damage develops and leads to a softening interfacial constitutive law. By adjusting the shrinkage rate of the damage surface, various interfacial constitutive laws found in the literature can be reproduced. An incremental interfacial constitutive law is also derived for use in damage analysis of laminated composites, which is a non-linear problem in nature. Numerical predictions for problems involving a DCB specimen under pure mode I delamination and mixed-mode delamination in a split beam are in good agreement with available experimental data or analytical solutions. The model has also been applied to the prediction of the failure strength of overlap ply-blocking specimens. The results have been compared with available experimental and alternative theoretical ones and discussed fully. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-356
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
Volume51
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • continuum damage mechanics
  • damage model
  • delmaination
  • laminated composites
  • interface
  • FIBER-REINFORCED COMPOSITES
  • IMPACT-INDUCED DELAMINATION
  • CRACK-GROWTH RESISTANCE
  • INTERFACE MODELS
  • MIXED-MODE
  • INTERLAMINAR FRACTURE
  • ELEMENT
  • PREDICTION
  • INITIATION
  • STRENGTH

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