A CXC chemokine sequence isolated from the rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss resembles the closely related interferon-Y-inducible chemokines CXCL9, CXCL10 and CXCL11

N. Bols, Christopher John Secombes

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A sequence encoding a CXC - type chemokine from rainbow trout was found to most resemble members of the CXCL9/CXCLIO/CXCL11 sub-family. In mammals, all 3 chemokines are regulated by IFN-gamma and are chemotactic for activated T lymphocytes. The trout chemokine (gammaIP1), with a message of 787 nucleotides, contains 100 amino acids in a typical non-ELR CXC chemokine arrangement. A second sequence (gammaIP2), with 6 nucleotide differences in the coding region when compared to the first, was also identified although it is not known whether this is a second functional gene or a second allele. The gene is separated onto 4 exons, and the introns intervene in conserved positions according to the mammalian equivalents. The sequence encoded by the second exon shares the highest amino acid identity (37%) with CXCL10, with lower values of identity to other CXC chemokines (17-31%). Furthermore, phylogenetic analysis groups the trout chemokine with mammalian CXCL9, CXCL10 and CXCL11 peptides. Constitutive expression of gammaIP is seen in trout gill and low level expression in spleen, head kidney and liver. In RTS-11 cells, gammaIP expression can be induced with poly I:C, but not by LPS, suggesting virus-mediated regulation of gammaIP. Intraperitoneal injection of recombinant trout TNF-alpha caused elevation in gammaIP mRNA levels in trout head kidney.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)462-473
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Cytokine Network
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • chemokine
  • rainbow trout
  • IP10
  • I-TAQ
  • Mig
  • I-TAC
  • IP-10

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