A database and synthesis of northern peatland soil properties and Holocene carbon and nitrogen accumulation

Julie Loisel*, Zicheng Yu, David W. Beilman, Philip Camill, Jukka Alm, Matthew J. Amesbury, David Anderson, Sofia Andersson, Christopher Bochicchio, Keith Barber, Lisa R. Belyea, Joan Bunbury, Frank M. Chambers, Daniel J. Charman, Francois De Vleeschouwer, Barbara Fialkiewicz-Koziel, Sarah A. Finkelstein, Mariusz Galka, Michelle Garneau, Dan Hammarlund & 41 others William Hinchcliffe, James Holmquist, Paul Hughes, Miriam C. Jones, Eric S. Klein, Ulla Kokfelt, Atte Korhola, Peter Kuhry, Alexandre Lamarre, Mariusz Lamentowicz, David Large, Martin Lavoie, Glen MacDonald, Gabriel Magnan, Markku Makila, Gunnar Mallon, Paul Mathijssen, Dmitri Mauquoy, Julia McCarroll, Tim R. Moore, Jonathan Nichols, Benjamin O'Reilly, Pirita Oksanen, Maara Packalen, Dorothy Peteet, Pierre J. H. Richard, Stephen Robinson, Tiina Ronkainen, Mats Rundgren, A. Britta K. Sannel, Charles Tarnocai, Tim Thom, Eeva-Stiina Tuittila, Merritt Turetsky, Minna Valiranta, Marjolein van der Linden, Bas van Geel, Simon van Bellen, Dale Vitt, Yan Zhao, Weijian Zhou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

164 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Here, we present results from the most comprehensive compilation of Holocene peat soil properties with associated carbon and nitrogen accumulation rates for northern peatlands. Our database consists of 268 peat cores from 215 sites located north of 45 degrees N. It encompasses regions within which peat carbon data have only recently become available, such as the West Siberia Lowlands, the Hudson Bay Lowlands, Kamchatka in Far East Russia, and the Tibetan Plateau. For all northern peatlands, carbon content in organic matter was estimated at 42 +/- 3% (standard deviation) for Sphagnum peat, 51 +/- 2% for non-Sphagnum peat, and at 49 +/- 2% overall. Dry bulk density averaged 0.12 +/- 0.07 g/cm(3), organic matter bulk density averaged 0.11 +/- 0.05 g/cm(3), and total carbon content in peat averaged 47 +/- 6%. In general, large differences were found between Sphagnum and non-Sphagnum peat types in terms of peat properties. Time-weighted peat carbon accumulation rates averaged 23 +/- 2 (standard error of mean) g C/m(2)/yr during the Holocene on the basis of 151 peat cores from 127 sites, with the highest rates of carbon accumulation (25-28 g C/m(2)/yr) recorded during the early Holocene when the climate was warmer than the present. Furthermore, we estimate the northern peatland carbon and nitrogen pools at 436 and 10 gigatons, respectively. The database is publicly available at https://peatlands.lehigh.edu.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1028-1042
Number of pages15
JournalThe Holocene
Volume24
Issue number9
Early online date3 Jul 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014

Keywords

  • biogeochemical cycles
  • climate change
  • data synthesis
  • long-term ecosystem dynamics
  • northern peatlands
  • soil carbon and nitrogen
  • West-Central Canada
  • lateral expansion
  • thermal maximum
  • climate system
  • raised bog
  • dynamics
  • permafrost
  • patterns
  • America
  • storage

Cite this

Loisel, J., Yu, Z., Beilman, D. W., Camill, P., Alm, J., Amesbury, M. J., ... Zhou, W. (2014). A database and synthesis of northern peatland soil properties and Holocene carbon and nitrogen accumulation. The Holocene, 24(9), 1028-1042. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683614538073

A database and synthesis of northern peatland soil properties and Holocene carbon and nitrogen accumulation. / Loisel, Julie; Yu, Zicheng; Beilman, David W.; Camill, Philip; Alm, Jukka; Amesbury, Matthew J.; Anderson, David; Andersson, Sofia; Bochicchio, Christopher; Barber, Keith; Belyea, Lisa R.; Bunbury, Joan; Chambers, Frank M.; Charman, Daniel J.; De Vleeschouwer, Francois; Fialkiewicz-Koziel, Barbara; Finkelstein, Sarah A.; Galka, Mariusz; Garneau, Michelle; Hammarlund, Dan; Hinchcliffe, William; Holmquist, James; Hughes, Paul; Jones, Miriam C.; Klein, Eric S.; Kokfelt, Ulla; Korhola, Atte; Kuhry, Peter; Lamarre, Alexandre; Lamentowicz, Mariusz; Large, David; Lavoie, Martin; MacDonald, Glen; Magnan, Gabriel; Makila, Markku; Mallon, Gunnar; Mathijssen, Paul; Mauquoy, Dmitri; McCarroll, Julia; Moore, Tim R.; Nichols, Jonathan; O'Reilly, Benjamin; Oksanen, Pirita; Packalen, Maara; Peteet, Dorothy; Richard, Pierre J. H.; Robinson, Stephen; Ronkainen, Tiina; Rundgren, Mats; Sannel, A. Britta K.; Tarnocai, Charles; Thom, Tim; Tuittila, Eeva-Stiina; Turetsky, Merritt; Valiranta, Minna; van der Linden, Marjolein; van Geel, Bas; van Bellen, Simon; Vitt, Dale; Zhao, Yan; Zhou, Weijian.

In: The Holocene, Vol. 24, No. 9, 09.2014, p. 1028-1042.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Loisel, J, Yu, Z, Beilman, DW, Camill, P, Alm, J, Amesbury, MJ, Anderson, D, Andersson, S, Bochicchio, C, Barber, K, Belyea, LR, Bunbury, J, Chambers, FM, Charman, DJ, De Vleeschouwer, F, Fialkiewicz-Koziel, B, Finkelstein, SA, Galka, M, Garneau, M, Hammarlund, D, Hinchcliffe, W, Holmquist, J, Hughes, P, Jones, MC, Klein, ES, Kokfelt, U, Korhola, A, Kuhry, P, Lamarre, A, Lamentowicz, M, Large, D, Lavoie, M, MacDonald, G, Magnan, G, Makila, M, Mallon, G, Mathijssen, P, Mauquoy, D, McCarroll, J, Moore, TR, Nichols, J, O'Reilly, B, Oksanen, P, Packalen, M, Peteet, D, Richard, PJH, Robinson, S, Ronkainen, T, Rundgren, M, Sannel, ABK, Tarnocai, C, Thom, T, Tuittila, E-S, Turetsky, M, Valiranta, M, van der Linden, M, van Geel, B, van Bellen, S, Vitt, D, Zhao, Y & Zhou, W 2014, 'A database and synthesis of northern peatland soil properties and Holocene carbon and nitrogen accumulation', The Holocene, vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 1028-1042. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683614538073
Loisel, Julie ; Yu, Zicheng ; Beilman, David W. ; Camill, Philip ; Alm, Jukka ; Amesbury, Matthew J. ; Anderson, David ; Andersson, Sofia ; Bochicchio, Christopher ; Barber, Keith ; Belyea, Lisa R. ; Bunbury, Joan ; Chambers, Frank M. ; Charman, Daniel J. ; De Vleeschouwer, Francois ; Fialkiewicz-Koziel, Barbara ; Finkelstein, Sarah A. ; Galka, Mariusz ; Garneau, Michelle ; Hammarlund, Dan ; Hinchcliffe, William ; Holmquist, James ; Hughes, Paul ; Jones, Miriam C. ; Klein, Eric S. ; Kokfelt, Ulla ; Korhola, Atte ; Kuhry, Peter ; Lamarre, Alexandre ; Lamentowicz, Mariusz ; Large, David ; Lavoie, Martin ; MacDonald, Glen ; Magnan, Gabriel ; Makila, Markku ; Mallon, Gunnar ; Mathijssen, Paul ; Mauquoy, Dmitri ; McCarroll, Julia ; Moore, Tim R. ; Nichols, Jonathan ; O'Reilly, Benjamin ; Oksanen, Pirita ; Packalen, Maara ; Peteet, Dorothy ; Richard, Pierre J. H. ; Robinson, Stephen ; Ronkainen, Tiina ; Rundgren, Mats ; Sannel, A. Britta K. ; Tarnocai, Charles ; Thom, Tim ; Tuittila, Eeva-Stiina ; Turetsky, Merritt ; Valiranta, Minna ; van der Linden, Marjolein ; van Geel, Bas ; van Bellen, Simon ; Vitt, Dale ; Zhao, Yan ; Zhou, Weijian. / A database and synthesis of northern peatland soil properties and Holocene carbon and nitrogen accumulation. In: The Holocene. 2014 ; Vol. 24, No. 9. pp. 1028-1042.
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abstract = "Here, we present results from the most comprehensive compilation of Holocene peat soil properties with associated carbon and nitrogen accumulation rates for northern peatlands. Our database consists of 268 peat cores from 215 sites located north of 45 degrees N. It encompasses regions within which peat carbon data have only recently become available, such as the West Siberia Lowlands, the Hudson Bay Lowlands, Kamchatka in Far East Russia, and the Tibetan Plateau. For all northern peatlands, carbon content in organic matter was estimated at 42 +/- 3{\%} (standard deviation) for Sphagnum peat, 51 +/- 2{\%} for non-Sphagnum peat, and at 49 +/- 2{\%} overall. Dry bulk density averaged 0.12 +/- 0.07 g/cm(3), organic matter bulk density averaged 0.11 +/- 0.05 g/cm(3), and total carbon content in peat averaged 47 +/- 6{\%}. In general, large differences were found between Sphagnum and non-Sphagnum peat types in terms of peat properties. Time-weighted peat carbon accumulation rates averaged 23 +/- 2 (standard error of mean) g C/m(2)/yr during the Holocene on the basis of 151 peat cores from 127 sites, with the highest rates of carbon accumulation (25-28 g C/m(2)/yr) recorded during the early Holocene when the climate was warmer than the present. Furthermore, we estimate the northern peatland carbon and nitrogen pools at 436 and 10 gigatons, respectively. The database is publicly available at https://peatlands.lehigh.edu.",
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T1 - A database and synthesis of northern peatland soil properties and Holocene carbon and nitrogen accumulation

AU - Loisel, Julie

AU - Yu, Zicheng

AU - Beilman, David W.

AU - Camill, Philip

AU - Alm, Jukka

AU - Amesbury, Matthew J.

AU - Anderson, David

AU - Andersson, Sofia

AU - Bochicchio, Christopher

AU - Barber, Keith

AU - Belyea, Lisa R.

AU - Bunbury, Joan

AU - Chambers, Frank M.

AU - Charman, Daniel J.

AU - De Vleeschouwer, Francois

AU - Fialkiewicz-Koziel, Barbara

AU - Finkelstein, Sarah A.

AU - Galka, Mariusz

AU - Garneau, Michelle

AU - Hammarlund, Dan

AU - Hinchcliffe, William

AU - Holmquist, James

AU - Hughes, Paul

AU - Jones, Miriam C.

AU - Klein, Eric S.

AU - Kokfelt, Ulla

AU - Korhola, Atte

AU - Kuhry, Peter

AU - Lamarre, Alexandre

AU - Lamentowicz, Mariusz

AU - Large, David

AU - Lavoie, Martin

AU - MacDonald, Glen

AU - Magnan, Gabriel

AU - Makila, Markku

AU - Mallon, Gunnar

AU - Mathijssen, Paul

AU - Mauquoy, Dmitri

AU - McCarroll, Julia

AU - Moore, Tim R.

AU - Nichols, Jonathan

AU - O'Reilly, Benjamin

AU - Oksanen, Pirita

AU - Packalen, Maara

AU - Peteet, Dorothy

AU - Richard, Pierre J. H.

AU - Robinson, Stephen

AU - Ronkainen, Tiina

AU - Rundgren, Mats

AU - Sannel, A. Britta K.

AU - Tarnocai, Charles

AU - Thom, Tim

AU - Tuittila, Eeva-Stiina

AU - Turetsky, Merritt

AU - Valiranta, Minna

AU - van der Linden, Marjolein

AU - van Geel, Bas

AU - van Bellen, Simon

AU - Vitt, Dale

AU - Zhao, Yan

AU - Zhou, Weijian

PY - 2014/9

Y1 - 2014/9

N2 - Here, we present results from the most comprehensive compilation of Holocene peat soil properties with associated carbon and nitrogen accumulation rates for northern peatlands. Our database consists of 268 peat cores from 215 sites located north of 45 degrees N. It encompasses regions within which peat carbon data have only recently become available, such as the West Siberia Lowlands, the Hudson Bay Lowlands, Kamchatka in Far East Russia, and the Tibetan Plateau. For all northern peatlands, carbon content in organic matter was estimated at 42 +/- 3% (standard deviation) for Sphagnum peat, 51 +/- 2% for non-Sphagnum peat, and at 49 +/- 2% overall. Dry bulk density averaged 0.12 +/- 0.07 g/cm(3), organic matter bulk density averaged 0.11 +/- 0.05 g/cm(3), and total carbon content in peat averaged 47 +/- 6%. In general, large differences were found between Sphagnum and non-Sphagnum peat types in terms of peat properties. Time-weighted peat carbon accumulation rates averaged 23 +/- 2 (standard error of mean) g C/m(2)/yr during the Holocene on the basis of 151 peat cores from 127 sites, with the highest rates of carbon accumulation (25-28 g C/m(2)/yr) recorded during the early Holocene when the climate was warmer than the present. Furthermore, we estimate the northern peatland carbon and nitrogen pools at 436 and 10 gigatons, respectively. The database is publicly available at https://peatlands.lehigh.edu.

AB - Here, we present results from the most comprehensive compilation of Holocene peat soil properties with associated carbon and nitrogen accumulation rates for northern peatlands. Our database consists of 268 peat cores from 215 sites located north of 45 degrees N. It encompasses regions within which peat carbon data have only recently become available, such as the West Siberia Lowlands, the Hudson Bay Lowlands, Kamchatka in Far East Russia, and the Tibetan Plateau. For all northern peatlands, carbon content in organic matter was estimated at 42 +/- 3% (standard deviation) for Sphagnum peat, 51 +/- 2% for non-Sphagnum peat, and at 49 +/- 2% overall. Dry bulk density averaged 0.12 +/- 0.07 g/cm(3), organic matter bulk density averaged 0.11 +/- 0.05 g/cm(3), and total carbon content in peat averaged 47 +/- 6%. In general, large differences were found between Sphagnum and non-Sphagnum peat types in terms of peat properties. Time-weighted peat carbon accumulation rates averaged 23 +/- 2 (standard error of mean) g C/m(2)/yr during the Holocene on the basis of 151 peat cores from 127 sites, with the highest rates of carbon accumulation (25-28 g C/m(2)/yr) recorded during the early Holocene when the climate was warmer than the present. Furthermore, we estimate the northern peatland carbon and nitrogen pools at 436 and 10 gigatons, respectively. The database is publicly available at https://peatlands.lehigh.edu.

KW - biogeochemical cycles

KW - climate change

KW - data synthesis

KW - long-term ecosystem dynamics

KW - northern peatlands

KW - soil carbon and nitrogen

KW - West-Central Canada

KW - lateral expansion

KW - thermal maximum

KW - climate system

KW - raised bog

KW - dynamics

KW - permafrost

KW - patterns

KW - America

KW - storage

U2 - 10.1177/0959683614538073

DO - 10.1177/0959683614538073

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 1028

EP - 1042

JO - The Holocene

JF - The Holocene

SN - 0959-6836

IS - 9

ER -