A European network of long-term sites for studies on soil organic matter

D.S Powlson, Pete Smith, K Coleman, Joanne Ursula Smith, M.J Glendining, M Korschens, U Franko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In this paper we describe the GCTE global Soil Organic Matter Network (SOMNET) before focusing on the European network of long-term sites. We then select two examples from the European site network and demonstrate how such data can be used to (a) track long-term changes in soil organic matter, (b) evaluate and compare soil organic matter models, and (c) make rough estimates of the potential for carbon (C) sequestration in soils at the regional (European) level. Our simple calculations based on only two long-term experiments suggest that amendment of arable soils with 10 Mg ha-1 of organic manure could lead to an increase in current total European soil C stock to 30 cm of about 4.8% over 90 yr, a scenario with limited potential for sequestering C. Similarly, afforestation through natural woodland regeneration of 30% of current arable land (surplus to requirements by 2010) could lead to an increase in current total European soil C stock of 12.4% over 100 yr. This is equivalent to 43 Tg C yr-1 or 3.8% of anthropogenic CO2–C emissions from Europe. If temporary C storage in standing woody biomass is included in the estimate, the amount of C sequestered is quadrupled and could account for 15.28% of Europe's annual CO2–C emissions. This is equivalent to 2.8% of annual global anthropogenic CO2–C emissions. These calculations are presented to demonstrate a simple technique for estimating rough C sequestration potentials but they do suggest some potential to sequester C in European agricultural soils. As a result, a more sophisticated approach using statistical relationships derived from a large number of long-term experiments was developed. The need for balancing the effects of these scenarios on soil C against other environmental considerations is discussed. Methods for improving estimates of the potential for soil C sequestration using the European site network are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-274
Number of pages12
JournalSoil & Tillage Research
Volume47
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 1998

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soil organic matter
carbon sequestration
long term experiments
soil
arable soils
afforestation
surpluses
agricultural soils
arable land
woodlands
long-term change
agricultural soil
manure
woodland
regeneration
carbon
biomass
methodology
long-term experiment
Europe

Keywords

  • soil organic matter
  • carbon sequestration
  • agricultural soils
  • model evaluation
  • long term experiment
  • GCTE SOMNET

Cite this

A European network of long-term sites for studies on soil organic matter. / Powlson, D.S; Smith, Pete; Coleman, K; Smith, Joanne Ursula; Glendining, M.J; Korschens, M; Franko, U.

In: Soil & Tillage Research, Vol. 47, No. 3-4, 06.07.1998, p. 263-274.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Powlson, DS, Smith, P, Coleman, K, Smith, JU, Glendining, MJ, Korschens, M & Franko, U 1998, 'A European network of long-term sites for studies on soil organic matter', Soil & Tillage Research, vol. 47, no. 3-4, pp. 263-274. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-1987(98)00115-9
Powlson, D.S ; Smith, Pete ; Coleman, K ; Smith, Joanne Ursula ; Glendining, M.J ; Korschens, M ; Franko, U. / A European network of long-term sites for studies on soil organic matter. In: Soil & Tillage Research. 1998 ; Vol. 47, No. 3-4. pp. 263-274.
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AU - Coleman, K

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AU - Korschens, M

AU - Franko, U

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N2 - In this paper we describe the GCTE global Soil Organic Matter Network (SOMNET) before focusing on the European network of long-term sites. We then select two examples from the European site network and demonstrate how such data can be used to (a) track long-term changes in soil organic matter, (b) evaluate and compare soil organic matter models, and (c) make rough estimates of the potential for carbon (C) sequestration in soils at the regional (European) level. Our simple calculations based on only two long-term experiments suggest that amendment of arable soils with 10 Mg ha-1 of organic manure could lead to an increase in current total European soil C stock to 30 cm of about 4.8% over 90 yr, a scenario with limited potential for sequestering C. Similarly, afforestation through natural woodland regeneration of 30% of current arable land (surplus to requirements by 2010) could lead to an increase in current total European soil C stock of 12.4% over 100 yr. This is equivalent to 43 Tg C yr-1 or 3.8% of anthropogenic CO2–C emissions from Europe. If temporary C storage in standing woody biomass is included in the estimate, the amount of C sequestered is quadrupled and could account for 15.28% of Europe's annual CO2–C emissions. This is equivalent to 2.8% of annual global anthropogenic CO2–C emissions. These calculations are presented to demonstrate a simple technique for estimating rough C sequestration potentials but they do suggest some potential to sequester C in European agricultural soils. As a result, a more sophisticated approach using statistical relationships derived from a large number of long-term experiments was developed. The need for balancing the effects of these scenarios on soil C against other environmental considerations is discussed. Methods for improving estimates of the potential for soil C sequestration using the European site network are also discussed.

AB - In this paper we describe the GCTE global Soil Organic Matter Network (SOMNET) before focusing on the European network of long-term sites. We then select two examples from the European site network and demonstrate how such data can be used to (a) track long-term changes in soil organic matter, (b) evaluate and compare soil organic matter models, and (c) make rough estimates of the potential for carbon (C) sequestration in soils at the regional (European) level. Our simple calculations based on only two long-term experiments suggest that amendment of arable soils with 10 Mg ha-1 of organic manure could lead to an increase in current total European soil C stock to 30 cm of about 4.8% over 90 yr, a scenario with limited potential for sequestering C. Similarly, afforestation through natural woodland regeneration of 30% of current arable land (surplus to requirements by 2010) could lead to an increase in current total European soil C stock of 12.4% over 100 yr. This is equivalent to 43 Tg C yr-1 or 3.8% of anthropogenic CO2–C emissions from Europe. If temporary C storage in standing woody biomass is included in the estimate, the amount of C sequestered is quadrupled and could account for 15.28% of Europe's annual CO2–C emissions. This is equivalent to 2.8% of annual global anthropogenic CO2–C emissions. These calculations are presented to demonstrate a simple technique for estimating rough C sequestration potentials but they do suggest some potential to sequester C in European agricultural soils. As a result, a more sophisticated approach using statistical relationships derived from a large number of long-term experiments was developed. The need for balancing the effects of these scenarios on soil C against other environmental considerations is discussed. Methods for improving estimates of the potential for soil C sequestration using the European site network are also discussed.

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