A literature review of the predictive validity of European dental school selection methods

Claudia Cunningham (Corresponding Author), Fiona Patterson, Jennifer Cleland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Selection to dental school is the point at which there is the potential to assess a wide range of candidate attributes and select those most likely to learn, train and work within the profession. Despite this, little is known in terms of what works and what does not work in dental selection in terms of predicting future performance accurately and fairly. Given this, our aim was to synthesize the last 30 years of research investigating the predictive validity of dental school selection methods.

METHODS: A search of the electronic databases SCOPUS, Pubmed and Embase was conducted. Results were limited to English language studies published between January 1987 and January 2017.

RESULTS: 21 studies were included. Selection tools fell into five broad categories: tests of personal qualities; cognitive ability; academic attainment; psychomotor skills and combined ability tests. Most were retrospective, single site studies limited to early years of dental school. Weak correlations were reported but in most cases these were between small sections of the selection tool and/or the outcome measure.

DISCUSSION: There was a notable dearth of published research examining dental schools selection processes across Europe over the last 30 years. Current literature was limited by weak study design and lack of long term follow up.

CONCLUSION: There is insufficient high quality evidence from which to draw any conclusions as to the best selection methods to use in dental school selection. Without this, designing selection frameworks for dentistry which are appropriately weighted, reliable and valid remains a challenge. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-87
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Journal of Dental Education
Volume23
Issue number2
Early online date10 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Fingerprint

Dental Schools
Aptitude
school
Dentistry
Research
PubMed
Tooth
Language
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
literature
Databases
dentistry
cognitive ability
English language
candidacy
profession
electronics
lack

Keywords

  • criteria
  • dental
  • education
  • school admission
  • selection
  • metaanalysis
  • aptitude
  • performance
  • student selection
  • medical education
  • reliability
  • situational judgement tests
  • academic-success
  • admission
  • university
  • METAANALYSIS
  • APTITUDE
  • PERFORMANCE
  • STUDENT SELECTION
  • MEDICAL-EDUCATION
  • RELIABILITY
  • ADMISSION
  • SITUATIONAL JUDGMENT TESTS
  • ACADEMIC-SUCCESS
  • UNIVERSITY

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "A literature review of the predictive validity of European dental school selection methods",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION: Selection to dental school is the point at which there is the potential to assess a wide range of candidate attributes and select those most likely to learn, train and work within the profession. Despite this, little is known in terms of what works and what does not work in dental selection in terms of predicting future performance accurately and fairly. Given this, our aim was to synthesize the last 30 years of research investigating the predictive validity of dental school selection methods.METHODS: A search of the electronic databases SCOPUS, Pubmed and Embase was conducted. Results were limited to English language studies published between January 1987 and January 2017.RESULTS: 21 studies were included. Selection tools fell into five broad categories: tests of personal qualities; cognitive ability; academic attainment; psychomotor skills and combined ability tests. Most were retrospective, single site studies limited to early years of dental school. Weak correlations were reported but in most cases these were between small sections of the selection tool and/or the outcome measure.DISCUSSION: There was a notable dearth of published research examining dental schools selection processes across Europe over the last 30 years. Current literature was limited by weak study design and lack of long term follow up.CONCLUSION: There is insufficient high quality evidence from which to draw any conclusions as to the best selection methods to use in dental school selection. Without this, designing selection frameworks for dentistry which are appropriately weighted, reliable and valid remains a challenge. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.",
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N2 - INTRODUCTION: Selection to dental school is the point at which there is the potential to assess a wide range of candidate attributes and select those most likely to learn, train and work within the profession. Despite this, little is known in terms of what works and what does not work in dental selection in terms of predicting future performance accurately and fairly. Given this, our aim was to synthesize the last 30 years of research investigating the predictive validity of dental school selection methods.METHODS: A search of the electronic databases SCOPUS, Pubmed and Embase was conducted. Results were limited to English language studies published between January 1987 and January 2017.RESULTS: 21 studies were included. Selection tools fell into five broad categories: tests of personal qualities; cognitive ability; academic attainment; psychomotor skills and combined ability tests. Most were retrospective, single site studies limited to early years of dental school. Weak correlations were reported but in most cases these were between small sections of the selection tool and/or the outcome measure.DISCUSSION: There was a notable dearth of published research examining dental schools selection processes across Europe over the last 30 years. Current literature was limited by weak study design and lack of long term follow up.CONCLUSION: There is insufficient high quality evidence from which to draw any conclusions as to the best selection methods to use in dental school selection. Without this, designing selection frameworks for dentistry which are appropriately weighted, reliable and valid remains a challenge. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

AB - INTRODUCTION: Selection to dental school is the point at which there is the potential to assess a wide range of candidate attributes and select those most likely to learn, train and work within the profession. Despite this, little is known in terms of what works and what does not work in dental selection in terms of predicting future performance accurately and fairly. Given this, our aim was to synthesize the last 30 years of research investigating the predictive validity of dental school selection methods.METHODS: A search of the electronic databases SCOPUS, Pubmed and Embase was conducted. Results were limited to English language studies published between January 1987 and January 2017.RESULTS: 21 studies were included. Selection tools fell into five broad categories: tests of personal qualities; cognitive ability; academic attainment; psychomotor skills and combined ability tests. Most were retrospective, single site studies limited to early years of dental school. Weak correlations were reported but in most cases these were between small sections of the selection tool and/or the outcome measure.DISCUSSION: There was a notable dearth of published research examining dental schools selection processes across Europe over the last 30 years. Current literature was limited by weak study design and lack of long term follow up.CONCLUSION: There is insufficient high quality evidence from which to draw any conclusions as to the best selection methods to use in dental school selection. Without this, designing selection frameworks for dentistry which are appropriately weighted, reliable and valid remains a challenge. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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