A new antihistamine levocetirizine inhibits eosinophil adhesion to vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 under flow conditions

P Wu, S Mitchell, G M Walsh

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33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background We previously demonstrated that low concentrations of a new antihistamine levocetirizine inhibited eosinophil transmigration through human microvascular endothelial cells.

Objective Here, the inhibitory effect of levocetirizine on eosinophil adhesion to recombinant human vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (rhVCAM)-1 was examined under conditions of shear stress using an in vitro model of the post-capillary venules.

Methods Eosinophils isolated from normal subjects were pre-incubated with a concentration range of levocetirizine (10(-6)-10(-10) M) or negative dilution control. Resting or granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF)-stimulated cells were pumped through rhVCAM-1 (10 mu g/mL) coated capillary tubes using a microfluidic syringe pump at a precise and constant flow rate (1 dyn/cm(2)). Images of rolling and firmly adherent eosinophils were captured using real-time video microscopy.

Results Levocetirizine significantly inhibited resting eosinophil adhesion to rhVCAM-1 with maximal effect at 10(-8) M with an EC50 of 10(-9) M. Levocetirizine almost abolished resting eosinophil adhesion by the 15 min time-point. GM-CSF significantly enhanced eosinophil adhesion and their ability to flatten on rhVCAM-1. Both phenomena were inhibited by levocetirizine in a dose-dependent manner, at both 5 and 15 min (optimal concentration of 10(-8) M with an EC50 of 10(-9) M) Real-time imaging revealed that the effect of levocetirizine on post-adhesion behaviour (detachment, flatness) contributed to its inhibitory action on eosinophil adhesion to rhVCAM-1. In contrast, very late antigen (VLA)-4 mAb inhibited eosinophil adhesion to rhVCAM-1 from the earliest time-points.

Conclusion Physiologically relevant concentrations of levocetirizine inhibit resting and GM-CSF-stimulated firm eosinophil adhesion to rhVCAM-1 under flow conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1073-1079
Number of pages7
JournalClinical & experimental allergy
Volume35
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2005

Keywords

  • adhesion
  • antihistamines
  • eosinophils
  • flow conditions
  • levocetirizine
  • VCAM-1
  • VLA-4
  • endothelial-cells
  • transendothelial migration
  • leukocyte transmigration
  • integrin affinity
  • L-selectin
  • cetirizine
  • histamine
  • eotaxin
  • neutrophil
  • induction

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