A randomised controlled trial of platelet activity before and after cessation of clopidogrel therapy in patients with stable cardiovascular disease

Isobel Ford, Neil W. Scott, Vera Herd, Louise R. Mitchell, David J.P. Williams, Julie Brittenden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives
The aim of this randomized placebo-controlled trial was to determine if withdrawing clopidogrel therapy leads to increased platelet activity compared with pre-treatment values in patients with stable coronary artery or peripheral arterial disease.

Background
Reports of increased cardiovascular events after planned cessation of clopidogrel therapy have raised concerns over the possible existence of a rebound in platelet activity.

Methods
In all, 171 patients receiving established aspirin therapy were randomly assigned to placebo or clopidogrel (75 mg daily) for 28 days. Blood samples were taken at pre-treatment baseline, on treatment just before discontinuation of study drug, and on days 7, 14, and 28 after discontinuation. The primary outcome measure was adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-stimulated platelet fibrinogen binding. Six secondary outcomes were assessed: ADP-stimulated platelet P-selectin, unstimulated platelet fibrinogen binding, and light transmission aggregometry with ADP 5 and 10 μmol/l recorded at maximum and at 6 min.

Results
The ADP-stimulated platelet fibrinogen binding, P-selectin expression, and platelet aggregation were lower on treatment with clopidogrel compared with baseline (p < 0.0001), but returned to baseline levels by 7 days after discontinuation. Mixed model analyses excluding the on-treatment timepoint showed no overall differences between the clopidogrel and placebo groups (p > 0.05). Furthermore, there was no evidence of an interaction between platelet inhibition over time and treatment allocation.

Conclusions
This trial found no evidence for rebound of platelet activity to above baseline after stopping clopidogrel in patients with stable coronary artery disease or peripheral arterial disease. (Is Cessation of Clopidogrel Therapy Associated With Rebound of Platelet Activity in Stable Vascular Disease Patients?; ISRCTN77887299/77887299)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-239
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume63
Issue number3
Early online date6 Nov 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • clopidogrel
  • platelets
  • rebound

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