Mutación de novo recurrente en el gen ATP1A3 en una paciente mexicana con hemiplegia alternante de la infancia detectada por secuenciación masiva en paralelo

Translated title of the contribution: A recurrent de novo mutation in ATP1A3 gene in a Mexican patient with alternating hemiplegia of childhood detected by massively parallel sequencing

Carolina I. Galaz-Montoya, Sofia Alcaraz-Estrada, Leopoldo A. García-Montaño, Juan C. Zenteno, Raul E. Piña-Aguilar (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: Pediatric movement disorders represent a diagnostic challenge for pediatricians and pediatric neurologists due to their high clinical heterogeneity and shared common features. Therefore, specific diagnoses require different approaches including metabolic work-up and specific tests for frequent genetic conditions. Alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC) is an ultra-rare pediatric movement disorder, characterized by paroxysmal alternating hemiplegia, dystonia, and seizure-like episodes that can be misleading during the evaluation of a child with a movement disorder.

Case report: We present a Mexican patient with abnormal movements referred to the Genetics clinic because of hyperammonemia and a possible organic acidemia. Our assessment did not find clinical features compatible with an inborn error of metabolism. A massively parallel sequencing approach with targeted panel sequencing was used to get a final diagnosis. A missense variant c.2839G>A (p.Gly947Arg) located at exon 21 of ATP1A3 gene was demonstrated. This variant (rs398122887) has been previously reported as de novo producing alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC).

Conclusions: AHC is an ultra-rare syndrome presented as a movement disorder with seizure-like episodes and a unique facial phenotype. Clinicians should be aware of this combination in order to diagnose this condition in a timely manner. Massive parallel sequencing panels are emerging as the best approach to diagnose rare movement disorders and simultaneously rule out metabolic disorders and common epileptic syndromes.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)49-53
Number of pages5
JournalBoletin medico del Hospital Infantil de Mexico
Issue number1
Early online date11 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019



  • congenital paralysis
  • dystonia
  • hemiplegia
  • neurogenetics
  • movement disorders
  • Congenital paralysis
  • Neurogenetics
  • Hemiplegia
  • Dystonia
  • Movement disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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