A review of fluid displacement mechanisms in surfactant-based chemical enhanced oil recovery processes: analyses of key influencing factors

Ahmed Bashir, Amin Sharifi Haddad* (Corresponding Author), Roozbeh Rafati

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Surfactant-based oil recovery processes are employed to lower the interfacial tension in immiscible displacement processes, change the wettability of rock to a more water-wet system and emulsify the oil to displace it in subsurface porous media. Furthermore, these phenomena can reduce the capillary pressure and enhance spontaneous imbibition. The key influencing factors affecting such immiscible displacement process are temperature, salinity and pH of the fluids, surfactant concentration and adsorption. Therefore, before any surfactant flooding process is applied, extensive studies on fluid-fluid and rock-fluid
interactions are needed. The use of other chemicals along with surfactants in chemical enhanced oil recovery (cEOR) processes have been widely considered to exploit the synergy of individual chemicals and complement the weakness arises from each of them during immiscible displacement of fluids in porous media. Therefore, such combinations of chemicals lead to alkaline-surfactant (AS), surfactant- polymer (SP), alkaline-surfactant19 polymer (ASP), and nanoparticles- surfactant (NS) flooding processes, among others. In this review study, we categorised the role and displacement mechanisms of surfactants and discussed the key factors to be considered for analysing the fluid displacement in porous media.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPetroleum Science
Early online date27 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • AS (Alkaline Surfactant) flooding
  • ASP (Alkaline-Surfactant-Polymer) flooding
  • (EOR) Enhanced oil recovery
  • IFT (Interfacial tension)
  • NS (Nanoparticles-Surfactant) 24 flooding
  • Surfactant adsorption
  • SP (Surfactant-Polymer) flooding
  • Wettability alteration

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