A review of the effectiveness of Smokebusters: community-based smoking prevention for young people

J Bruce, E van Teijlingen

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Smokebusters is a community-based smoking prevention initiative for young children which aims to prevent them from starting to smoke. Despite the increase of Smokebusters clubs throughout the UK and Europe there is little published evidence of the effectiveness of this health promotion intervention. The aim of this study was to conduct a literature review of the effectiveness of established UK and Irish Smokebusters clubs. Over 60 clubs and agencies were contacted with a total of 36 reports received. Of those reviewed, most clubs have conducted process and impact evaluation to assess the popularity and quality of the programme. Attempts have been made to measure children's knowledge, attitudes and behaviour in relation to smoking and the Smokebusters intervention. Only three clubs have conducted long-term outcome evaluations which have measured changes in knowledge, attitudes and smoking behaviour. There is some evidence that changes occur in knowledge and attitudes after the establishment of clubs. To date, there are no reports of sustained change in smoking behaviour following the establishment of Smokebusters clubs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-120
Number of pages12
JournalHealth Education Research
Publication statusPublished - 1999



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