A microsphere coagulation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (MC-ELISA) using Russell's viper venom factor X activator (RVV-XA) is described for the detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7. This microtitre plate assay comprises a standard sandwich immunoassay incorporating RVV-XA as the enzyme label. Coagulation substrate together with polystyrene microspheres are added to the wells of the microtitre plate. RVV-XA initiates the coagulation cascade causing formation of an artificial clot of polystyrene microspheres bound together with fibrin. As few as 10(2) E. coli O157 in a well (10(3) per ml) can be detected within 3 h. The assay is two orders of magnitude more sensitive than a standard ELISA and is a generic technique with the potential for widespread use in sandwich immunoassays. (C) 2000 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
- enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
- Russell's viper venom
- Escherichia coli O157 : H7
- HEMOLYTIC-UREMIC SYNDROME