A stall-regulated wind turbine design to reduce fatigue

Terence Macquart, Alireza Maheri (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Variable-speed stall-regulated (VS-SR) wind turbines can be designed to produce power as efficiently as variable-speed pitch-controlled (VS-PC) systems. However, amongst the main drawbacks of VS-SR systems high transient power and low predictability have been the primary factors in favour of adopting VS-PC system for multi-MW wind turbines. Cyclic and stochastic loads leading to fatigue failure is one of the prime considerations for large wind turbines. In contrast to the current trend of research, which is focused on load alleviation by integrating active flow controllers, this paper highlights the potential benefits of VS-SR wind turbines in reducing fatigue loads. Adopting the NREL 5 MW wind turbine as the baseline, blades are redesigned for stall-regulation. It is shown that a well-designed VS-SR wind turbine experiences significantly less fatigue loads compared to VS-PC systems. It also results in low power transients near and above rated wind speed. Taking into account added complexity, mass and maintenance costs of wind turbines utilising active flow controllers and in view of the recent progresses that have been made regarding the aeroelastic stability of stalled blades, VS-SR systems seem to have a role to play in the design of future wind turbines.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)964-970
Number of pages7
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume133
Early online date24 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

Wind turbines
Fatigue of materials
Controllers
Turbomachine blades
Costs

Keywords

  • Fatigue load alleviation
  • Aerodynamic sensitivity
  • Progressive stall line
  • Variable-speed
  • Stall-regulated wind turbine
  • WTAC
  • PITCH
  • ACTIVE LOAD REDUCTION

Cite this

A stall-regulated wind turbine design to reduce fatigue. / Macquart, Terence; Maheri, Alireza (Corresponding Author).

In: Renewable Energy, Vol. 133, 01.04.2019, p. 964-970.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a32e6d63fa934110a41baa8c5babce93,
title = "A stall-regulated wind turbine design to reduce fatigue",
abstract = "Variable-speed stall-regulated (VS-SR) wind turbines can be designed to produce power as efficiently as variable-speed pitch-controlled (VS-PC) systems. However, amongst the main drawbacks of VS-SR systems high transient power and low predictability have been the primary factors in favour of adopting VS-PC system for multi-MW wind turbines. Cyclic and stochastic loads leading to fatigue failure is one of the prime considerations for large wind turbines. In contrast to the current trend of research, which is focused on load alleviation by integrating active flow controllers, this paper highlights the potential benefits of VS-SR wind turbines in reducing fatigue loads. Adopting the NREL 5 MW wind turbine as the baseline, blades are redesigned for stall-regulation. It is shown that a well-designed VS-SR wind turbine experiences significantly less fatigue loads compared to VS-PC systems. It also results in low power transients near and above rated wind speed. Taking into account added complexity, mass and maintenance costs of wind turbines utilising active flow controllers and in view of the recent progresses that have been made regarding the aeroelastic stability of stalled blades, VS-SR systems seem to have a role to play in the design of future wind turbines.",
keywords = "Fatigue load alleviation, Aerodynamic sensitivity, Progressive stall line, Variable-speed, Stall-regulated wind turbine, WTAC, PITCH, ACTIVE LOAD REDUCTION",
author = "Terence Macquart and Alireza Maheri",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.renene.2018.10.089",
language = "English",
volume = "133",
pages = "964--970",
journal = "Renewable Energy",
issn = "0960-1481",
publisher = "PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A stall-regulated wind turbine design to reduce fatigue

AU - Macquart, Terence

AU - Maheri, Alireza

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - Variable-speed stall-regulated (VS-SR) wind turbines can be designed to produce power as efficiently as variable-speed pitch-controlled (VS-PC) systems. However, amongst the main drawbacks of VS-SR systems high transient power and low predictability have been the primary factors in favour of adopting VS-PC system for multi-MW wind turbines. Cyclic and stochastic loads leading to fatigue failure is one of the prime considerations for large wind turbines. In contrast to the current trend of research, which is focused on load alleviation by integrating active flow controllers, this paper highlights the potential benefits of VS-SR wind turbines in reducing fatigue loads. Adopting the NREL 5 MW wind turbine as the baseline, blades are redesigned for stall-regulation. It is shown that a well-designed VS-SR wind turbine experiences significantly less fatigue loads compared to VS-PC systems. It also results in low power transients near and above rated wind speed. Taking into account added complexity, mass and maintenance costs of wind turbines utilising active flow controllers and in view of the recent progresses that have been made regarding the aeroelastic stability of stalled blades, VS-SR systems seem to have a role to play in the design of future wind turbines.

AB - Variable-speed stall-regulated (VS-SR) wind turbines can be designed to produce power as efficiently as variable-speed pitch-controlled (VS-PC) systems. However, amongst the main drawbacks of VS-SR systems high transient power and low predictability have been the primary factors in favour of adopting VS-PC system for multi-MW wind turbines. Cyclic and stochastic loads leading to fatigue failure is one of the prime considerations for large wind turbines. In contrast to the current trend of research, which is focused on load alleviation by integrating active flow controllers, this paper highlights the potential benefits of VS-SR wind turbines in reducing fatigue loads. Adopting the NREL 5 MW wind turbine as the baseline, blades are redesigned for stall-regulation. It is shown that a well-designed VS-SR wind turbine experiences significantly less fatigue loads compared to VS-PC systems. It also results in low power transients near and above rated wind speed. Taking into account added complexity, mass and maintenance costs of wind turbines utilising active flow controllers and in view of the recent progresses that have been made regarding the aeroelastic stability of stalled blades, VS-SR systems seem to have a role to play in the design of future wind turbines.

KW - Fatigue load alleviation

KW - Aerodynamic sensitivity

KW - Progressive stall line

KW - Variable-speed

KW - Stall-regulated wind turbine

KW - WTAC

KW - PITCH

KW - ACTIVE LOAD REDUCTION

U2 - 10.1016/j.renene.2018.10.089

DO - 10.1016/j.renene.2018.10.089

M3 - Article

VL - 133

SP - 964

EP - 970

JO - Renewable Energy

JF - Renewable Energy

SN - 0960-1481

ER -