A survey of deaths in Hong Kong attributed to tuberculosis

W. G. L. Allan, N. J. C. Snell, L. E. Hill, P. M. Fayers, J. G. Scadding, Wallace Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Records obtained for 578 (96 %) of the 602 patients certified as having died from tuberculosis in Hong Kong during a 1-year period were reviewed by an expert independent assessor in London. In his opinion 14 (2 % of the 578) had never had tuberculosis, and in 28 (5 %) it was not possible to decide whether or not the patient had ever had tuberculosis. Tuberculosis had been no more than a contributory factor in causing death in 44 (8 %), in 29 (5 %) it was irrelevant, and in 33 (6 %) it was not possible to determine what role it had played. The remaining 430 (74 %) patients were considered actually to have died from tuberculosis, 307 from active disease and 123 from the late effects of inactive disease. If all 578 patients had died from tuberculosis this would represent a death rate for the survey year of 13.1 per 100 000 of the population. The rate falls to 9.7 per 100 000 if based on the 430 patients considered by the assessor to have died from tuberculosis, a reduction of 26 %. Since the annual death rate from active disease (6.9 per 100 000 in this survey) is a better index of the current efficiency of an antituberculosis programme than the total death rate, it is suggested that efforts should be made to obtain and publish separate annual rates for deaths from active and from inactive tuberculosis. An analysis of potentially avoidable delays and failures in diagnosis showed that these were mainly due to the patient's delay in seeking or accepting advice, or inadequate investigation, particularly failure to examine the sputum, by the unofficial (non-governmental) medical services. The majority of failures in management were attributable in whole or in part to the patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalTubercle
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1981

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Hong Kong
Tuberculosis
Mortality
Organizational Efficiency
Surveys and Questionnaires
Sputum
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Allan, W. G. L., Snell, N. J. C., Hill, L. E., Fayers, P. M., Scadding, J. G., & Fox, W. (1981). A survey of deaths in Hong Kong attributed to tuberculosis. Tubercle, 62(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/0041-3879(81)90030-1

A survey of deaths in Hong Kong attributed to tuberculosis. / Allan, W. G. L.; Snell, N. J. C.; Hill, L. E.; Fayers, P. M.; Scadding, J. G.; Fox, Wallace.

In: Tubercle, Vol. 62, No. 1, 03.1981, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Allan, WGL, Snell, NJC, Hill, LE, Fayers, PM, Scadding, JG & Fox, W 1981, 'A survey of deaths in Hong Kong attributed to tuberculosis', Tubercle, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/0041-3879(81)90030-1
Allan, W. G. L. ; Snell, N. J. C. ; Hill, L. E. ; Fayers, P. M. ; Scadding, J. G. ; Fox, Wallace. / A survey of deaths in Hong Kong attributed to tuberculosis. In: Tubercle. 1981 ; Vol. 62, No. 1. pp. 1-11.
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abstract = "Records obtained for 578 (96 {\%}) of the 602 patients certified as having died from tuberculosis in Hong Kong during a 1-year period were reviewed by an expert independent assessor in London. In his opinion 14 (2 {\%} of the 578) had never had tuberculosis, and in 28 (5 {\%}) it was not possible to decide whether or not the patient had ever had tuberculosis. Tuberculosis had been no more than a contributory factor in causing death in 44 (8 {\%}), in 29 (5 {\%}) it was irrelevant, and in 33 (6 {\%}) it was not possible to determine what role it had played. The remaining 430 (74 {\%}) patients were considered actually to have died from tuberculosis, 307 from active disease and 123 from the late effects of inactive disease. If all 578 patients had died from tuberculosis this would represent a death rate for the survey year of 13.1 per 100 000 of the population. The rate falls to 9.7 per 100 000 if based on the 430 patients considered by the assessor to have died from tuberculosis, a reduction of 26 {\%}. Since the annual death rate from active disease (6.9 per 100 000 in this survey) is a better index of the current efficiency of an antituberculosis programme than the total death rate, it is suggested that efforts should be made to obtain and publish separate annual rates for deaths from active and from inactive tuberculosis. An analysis of potentially avoidable delays and failures in diagnosis showed that these were mainly due to the patient's delay in seeking or accepting advice, or inadequate investigation, particularly failure to examine the sputum, by the unofficial (non-governmental) medical services. The majority of failures in management were attributable in whole or in part to the patient.",
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note = "Acknowledgements We are most grateful to the staff of the Births and Deaths Registry, Hong Kong, who abstracted data from the Death Certificate returns, Mr Yu PO Sum, Mr Ta Kang Chu, Mr Fung Wai Man, Mr Lui King Pong, Miss Beatrice Tsui and Miss Sally Ng, clerical and statistical staff of the Chest Service who compiled the data, the Health Visitors, Health Auxiliaries and Enrolled Nurses of the Chest Service who took detailed histories from the patients’ relatives, the Consultant Pathologist i/c and his staff of the Institute of Pathology and the Consultant Forensic Pathologist i/c and his staff who kindly furnished post-mortem reports, and the numerous hospitals, medical institutions and General Practitioners who kindly co-operated by furnishing information. All co-operating in the study are grateful to Dr K .L. Thong, the Director of the Medical and Health Services, Hong Kong, for his interest and encouragement. Dr P. M. Lambert and Miss R. M. Loy of the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys made a number of valuable suggestions on the draft.",
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