A systematic review and meta-analysis of DNA methylation levels and imprinting disorders in children conceived by IVF/ICSI compared with children conceived spontaneously

Gabija Lazaraviciute, Miriam Kauser, Sohinee Bhattacharya, Paul Haggarty, Siladitya Bhattacharya

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of children are being conceived by assisted reproductive technology (ART). A number of studies have highlighted an altered epigenetic status in gametes from infertile couples and the possibility of an increased risk of imprinting defects and somatic epigenetic changes in ART conceived children, but the results have been heterogeneous. We performed a systematic review of existing studies to compare the incidence of imprinting disorders and levels of DNA methylation in key imprinted genes in children conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with those in children conceived spontaneously.

METHODS: A detailed search strategy was used to conduct electronic literature searches (spanning 1978 to 2013) on Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and Web of Science. Abstracts of relevant conference papers were identified. As randomized trials are not feasible in this context, we included observational (cohort and case-control) studies comparing outcomes in children conceived through ART with those conceived spontaneously, irrespective of the language of publication. The outcome measures were DNA methylation and the incidence of imprinting disorders.

RESULTS: A total of 351 publications were identified by the initial search. Of these, 26 were excluded as duplicates and 241 were excluded after reviewing the abstracts, then of those remaining 66 were excluded after review of the full text. A total of 18 papers were included in the review. Apart from one case-control study, all were cohort studies. There was a degree of clinical heterogeneity in terms of the study population, type of infertility treatment, and samples obtained from exposed and unexposed children. DNA methylation levels were either presented as categorical data (hypo-, hyper- or normally methylated DNA) or continuous data (i.e. percentage of methylated DNA). The combined odds ratio (95% confidence intervals) of any imprinting disorder in children conceived through ART was 3.67 (1.39, 9.74) in comparison with spontaneously conceived children. Meta-analysis of data from relevant studies revealed that the weighted mean difference (95% confidence intervals) in methylation percent between IVF/ICSI versus spontaneously conceived children were as follows: H19: -0.46(-1.41, 0.49), PEG1-MEST: 0.47 (-2.07, 3.01), GRB10: -0.05 (-0.43, 0.33), IGF2: -0.15 (-1.09, 0.79), SNRPN: -0.55 (-1.55, 0.46), KvDMR/KCNQ10T1: -0.16 (-0.34, 0.02) and PEG3: -0.24 (-1.72, 1.24).

CONCLUSIONS: There was an increase in imprinting disorders in children conceived though IVF and ICSI but insufficient evidence for an association between ART and methylation in other imprinted genes. Heterogeneity in the types of fertility treatment, the imprinted regions studied, the tissues used and the methods of measurement, reduce our ability to assess the full effect of ART on DNA methylation and imprinting. More controlled studies, using standardized methodologies, in larger, better clinically defined populations are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)840-852
Number of pages13
JournalHuman Reproduction Update
Volume20
Issue number6
Early online date24 Jun 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2014

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Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injections
DNA Methylation
Fertilization in Vitro
Meta-Analysis
Assisted Reproductive Techniques
Epigenomics
Methylation
Publications
Case-Control Studies
snRNP Core Proteins
Library Science
Imprinting (Psychology)
Confidence Intervals
Aptitude
DNA
Incidence
Germ Cells
Infertility
Population
Genes

Keywords

  • IVF
  • ICSI
  • DNA methylation
  • epigenetic disorders
  • imprinting disorders

Cite this

@article{2c5d5ff20d7045148864fb0397e9e91b,
title = "A systematic review and meta-analysis of DNA methylation levels and imprinting disorders in children conceived by IVF/ICSI compared with children conceived spontaneously",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of children are being conceived by assisted reproductive technology (ART). A number of studies have highlighted an altered epigenetic status in gametes from infertile couples and the possibility of an increased risk of imprinting defects and somatic epigenetic changes in ART conceived children, but the results have been heterogeneous. We performed a systematic review of existing studies to compare the incidence of imprinting disorders and levels of DNA methylation in key imprinted genes in children conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with those in children conceived spontaneously.METHODS: A detailed search strategy was used to conduct electronic literature searches (spanning 1978 to 2013) on Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and Web of Science. Abstracts of relevant conference papers were identified. As randomized trials are not feasible in this context, we included observational (cohort and case-control) studies comparing outcomes in children conceived through ART with those conceived spontaneously, irrespective of the language of publication. The outcome measures were DNA methylation and the incidence of imprinting disorders.RESULTS: A total of 351 publications were identified by the initial search. Of these, 26 were excluded as duplicates and 241 were excluded after reviewing the abstracts, then of those remaining 66 were excluded after review of the full text. A total of 18 papers were included in the review. Apart from one case-control study, all were cohort studies. There was a degree of clinical heterogeneity in terms of the study population, type of infertility treatment, and samples obtained from exposed and unexposed children. DNA methylation levels were either presented as categorical data (hypo-, hyper- or normally methylated DNA) or continuous data (i.e. percentage of methylated DNA). The combined odds ratio (95{\%} confidence intervals) of any imprinting disorder in children conceived through ART was 3.67 (1.39, 9.74) in comparison with spontaneously conceived children. Meta-analysis of data from relevant studies revealed that the weighted mean difference (95{\%} confidence intervals) in methylation percent between IVF/ICSI versus spontaneously conceived children were as follows: H19: -0.46(-1.41, 0.49), PEG1-MEST: 0.47 (-2.07, 3.01), GRB10: -0.05 (-0.43, 0.33), IGF2: -0.15 (-1.09, 0.79), SNRPN: -0.55 (-1.55, 0.46), KvDMR/KCNQ10T1: -0.16 (-0.34, 0.02) and PEG3: -0.24 (-1.72, 1.24).CONCLUSIONS: There was an increase in imprinting disorders in children conceived though IVF and ICSI but insufficient evidence for an association between ART and methylation in other imprinted genes. Heterogeneity in the types of fertility treatment, the imprinted regions studied, the tissues used and the methods of measurement, reduce our ability to assess the full effect of ART on DNA methylation and imprinting. More controlled studies, using standardized methodologies, in larger, better clinically defined populations are needed.",
keywords = "IVF, ICSI, DNA methylation , epigenetic disorders, imprinting disorders",
author = "Gabija Lazaraviciute and Miriam Kauser and Sohinee Bhattacharya and Paul Haggarty and Siladitya Bhattacharya",
note = "{\circledC} The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.",
year = "2014",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1093/humupd/dmu033",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "840--852",
journal = "Human Reproduction Update",
issn = "1355-4786",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - A systematic review and meta-analysis of DNA methylation levels and imprinting disorders in children conceived by IVF/ICSI compared with children conceived spontaneously

AU - Lazaraviciute, Gabija

AU - Kauser, Miriam

AU - Bhattacharya, Sohinee

AU - Haggarty, Paul

AU - Bhattacharya, Siladitya

N1 - © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

PY - 2014/11

Y1 - 2014/11

N2 - BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of children are being conceived by assisted reproductive technology (ART). A number of studies have highlighted an altered epigenetic status in gametes from infertile couples and the possibility of an increased risk of imprinting defects and somatic epigenetic changes in ART conceived children, but the results have been heterogeneous. We performed a systematic review of existing studies to compare the incidence of imprinting disorders and levels of DNA methylation in key imprinted genes in children conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with those in children conceived spontaneously.METHODS: A detailed search strategy was used to conduct electronic literature searches (spanning 1978 to 2013) on Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and Web of Science. Abstracts of relevant conference papers were identified. As randomized trials are not feasible in this context, we included observational (cohort and case-control) studies comparing outcomes in children conceived through ART with those conceived spontaneously, irrespective of the language of publication. The outcome measures were DNA methylation and the incidence of imprinting disorders.RESULTS: A total of 351 publications were identified by the initial search. Of these, 26 were excluded as duplicates and 241 were excluded after reviewing the abstracts, then of those remaining 66 were excluded after review of the full text. A total of 18 papers were included in the review. Apart from one case-control study, all were cohort studies. There was a degree of clinical heterogeneity in terms of the study population, type of infertility treatment, and samples obtained from exposed and unexposed children. DNA methylation levels were either presented as categorical data (hypo-, hyper- or normally methylated DNA) or continuous data (i.e. percentage of methylated DNA). The combined odds ratio (95% confidence intervals) of any imprinting disorder in children conceived through ART was 3.67 (1.39, 9.74) in comparison with spontaneously conceived children. Meta-analysis of data from relevant studies revealed that the weighted mean difference (95% confidence intervals) in methylation percent between IVF/ICSI versus spontaneously conceived children were as follows: H19: -0.46(-1.41, 0.49), PEG1-MEST: 0.47 (-2.07, 3.01), GRB10: -0.05 (-0.43, 0.33), IGF2: -0.15 (-1.09, 0.79), SNRPN: -0.55 (-1.55, 0.46), KvDMR/KCNQ10T1: -0.16 (-0.34, 0.02) and PEG3: -0.24 (-1.72, 1.24).CONCLUSIONS: There was an increase in imprinting disorders in children conceived though IVF and ICSI but insufficient evidence for an association between ART and methylation in other imprinted genes. Heterogeneity in the types of fertility treatment, the imprinted regions studied, the tissues used and the methods of measurement, reduce our ability to assess the full effect of ART on DNA methylation and imprinting. More controlled studies, using standardized methodologies, in larger, better clinically defined populations are needed.

AB - BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of children are being conceived by assisted reproductive technology (ART). A number of studies have highlighted an altered epigenetic status in gametes from infertile couples and the possibility of an increased risk of imprinting defects and somatic epigenetic changes in ART conceived children, but the results have been heterogeneous. We performed a systematic review of existing studies to compare the incidence of imprinting disorders and levels of DNA methylation in key imprinted genes in children conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with those in children conceived spontaneously.METHODS: A detailed search strategy was used to conduct electronic literature searches (spanning 1978 to 2013) on Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and Web of Science. Abstracts of relevant conference papers were identified. As randomized trials are not feasible in this context, we included observational (cohort and case-control) studies comparing outcomes in children conceived through ART with those conceived spontaneously, irrespective of the language of publication. The outcome measures were DNA methylation and the incidence of imprinting disorders.RESULTS: A total of 351 publications were identified by the initial search. Of these, 26 were excluded as duplicates and 241 were excluded after reviewing the abstracts, then of those remaining 66 were excluded after review of the full text. A total of 18 papers were included in the review. Apart from one case-control study, all were cohort studies. There was a degree of clinical heterogeneity in terms of the study population, type of infertility treatment, and samples obtained from exposed and unexposed children. DNA methylation levels were either presented as categorical data (hypo-, hyper- or normally methylated DNA) or continuous data (i.e. percentage of methylated DNA). The combined odds ratio (95% confidence intervals) of any imprinting disorder in children conceived through ART was 3.67 (1.39, 9.74) in comparison with spontaneously conceived children. Meta-analysis of data from relevant studies revealed that the weighted mean difference (95% confidence intervals) in methylation percent between IVF/ICSI versus spontaneously conceived children were as follows: H19: -0.46(-1.41, 0.49), PEG1-MEST: 0.47 (-2.07, 3.01), GRB10: -0.05 (-0.43, 0.33), IGF2: -0.15 (-1.09, 0.79), SNRPN: -0.55 (-1.55, 0.46), KvDMR/KCNQ10T1: -0.16 (-0.34, 0.02) and PEG3: -0.24 (-1.72, 1.24).CONCLUSIONS: There was an increase in imprinting disorders in children conceived though IVF and ICSI but insufficient evidence for an association between ART and methylation in other imprinted genes. Heterogeneity in the types of fertility treatment, the imprinted regions studied, the tissues used and the methods of measurement, reduce our ability to assess the full effect of ART on DNA methylation and imprinting. More controlled studies, using standardized methodologies, in larger, better clinically defined populations are needed.

KW - IVF

KW - ICSI

KW - DNA methylation

KW - epigenetic disorders

KW - imprinting disorders

U2 - 10.1093/humupd/dmu033

DO - 10.1093/humupd/dmu033

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 840

EP - 852

JO - Human Reproduction Update

JF - Human Reproduction Update

SN - 1355-4786

IS - 6

ER -