A systematic review of the pharmacological management of orthostatic hypotension

A C L Ong, P K Myint, L Shepstone, J F Potter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives
The ‘short’ and ‘long-term’ benefits of pharmacological interventions to treat orthostatic hypotension (OH) remain unclear. The aim was to systematically examine the published literature on the effectiveness of different drug regimens for the treatment of OH.

Design
Systematic review.

Setting
MEDLINE (1950-Week 7, 2011), EMBASE (1980-Week 7, 2011), CINAHL (1981-Week 7, 2011) databases and hand-searching of bibliographies were used to identify suitable papers.

Participants
Studies selected were those, which investigated drug treatment of OH in a single- or double-blind randomised controlled trial (RCT) in humans over 18 years of age.

Measurements
Data were extracted from suitable full-text articles by three investigators independently.

Results
The 13 trials met the criteria for systematic review amongst which was considerable variation in the size of postural blood pressure (BP) change with active treatment. However, there was evidence that commonly used drugs midodrine or fludrocortisone therapy did increase standing or head-up-tilt (HUT) systolic blood pressure in certain patient groups.

Conclusion
The evidence that pharmacological therapy is of benefit for the treatment of OH is limited by the lack of good quality clinical trial evidence. Further well-designed RCTs of pharmacological treatment of OH investigating the impact on postural symptoms as well as actual BP changes are needed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-646
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Practice
Volume67
Issue number7
Early online date13 Jun 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cardiovascular Agents
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Fludrocortisone
  • Humans
  • Hypotension, Orthostatic
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Midodrine
  • Octreotide
  • Pyridostigmine Bromide
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult

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