A thirty-year analysis of cesarean section rate in gestational diabetes and normal pregnant population in Tehran, Iran: A concerning trend

Mohammad H. Badakhsh, Mohammad E. Khamseh*, Mojtaba Malek, Gita Shafiee, Rokhsareh Aghili, Sedigheh Moghimi, Hamid R. Baradaran, Mahsan Seifoddin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The aims of this study were to analyze the trend of cesarean section (CS), determining possible risk factors and also comparing the rate of CS in mothers with gestational diabetes (GDM) and normal pregnant population. Materials and methods: A hospital-based midwives data collection including 37,997 pregnancies in Tehran was used for this study. The study population included all women giving birth between 1 January 1980 and 31 December 2009. Results: The global rate for CS was 37.8 and 85.9% in normal pregnant population and GDM subjects, respectively. An increase in the rate of CS was observed in normal population from 16.97% during 19801989 to 71.08% during 20002009. There was a similar upward trend for GDM subjects from 79.17 to 93.55%. The most frequent indications for CS in GDM subjects were unsuccessful induction (31%) and repeat CS (22.76%). Conclusion: The rate of CS is surprisingly very high in normal pregnant population as well as subjects with GDM. This should be an alarming issue for healthcare policy-makers and a trigger for monitoring situation in the country.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)436-439
Number of pages4
JournalGynecological Endocrinology
Issue number6
Early online date24 Nov 2011
Publication statusPublished - 2012



  • Cesarean section
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this