A validation of the Psychological Vulnerability Scale and its use in chronic pain

Hilary Selbie, Blair Hamilton Smith, Alison Margaret Elliott, Saskia Teunisse, W. A. Chambers, Philip Christopher Hannaford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Psychological intervention may be effective in chronic pain. A brief, valid and reliable screening tool may assist the targeting of appropriate intervention in primary care. We tested the Psychological Vulnerability Scale (PVS) for use in future community-based studies. A postal questionnaire was sent to 160 adults sampled from a general practice in North East Scotland, and to 40 adults from a hospital-based pain management clinic. The questionnaire included the SF-36, the Chronic Pain Grade (CPG) and chronic pain definition questionnaire. Factor analysis identified one relevant factor with a high eigenvalue of 3.65. All correlations with the SF-36 were significant. The PVS had good internal consistency and moderate test-retest scores, showing the PVS to be a reliable instrument for use in a general population sample. The difference in PVS total score between the pain clinic and general population sample was highly significant (p = 0.006). 32% of community-based individuals with chronic pain and 49% of pain clinic attendees had high psychological vulnerability. Further work is required to assess the usefulness of the PVS in future chronic pain research and clinical practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-162
Number of pages10
JournalPain Clinic
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Fingerprint

Chronic Pain
Psychology
Pain Clinics
Scotland
Pain Management
General Practice
Population
Statistical Factor Analysis
Primary Health Care
Research
Surveys and Questionnaires

Cite this

A validation of the Psychological Vulnerability Scale and its use in chronic pain. / Selbie, Hilary; Smith, Blair Hamilton; Elliott, Alison Margaret; Teunisse, Saskia; Chambers, W. A.; Hannaford, Philip Christopher.

In: Pain Clinic, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2004, p. 153-162.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Selbie, H, Smith, BH, Elliott, AM, Teunisse, S, Chambers, WA & Hannaford, PC 2004, 'A validation of the Psychological Vulnerability Scale and its use in chronic pain', Pain Clinic, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 153-162. https://doi.org/10.1163/156856904774134352
Selbie, Hilary ; Smith, Blair Hamilton ; Elliott, Alison Margaret ; Teunisse, Saskia ; Chambers, W. A. ; Hannaford, Philip Christopher. / A validation of the Psychological Vulnerability Scale and its use in chronic pain. In: Pain Clinic. 2004 ; Vol. 16, No. 2. pp. 153-162.
@article{6929934dcd99421b900a6fe3f15da25c,
title = "A validation of the Psychological Vulnerability Scale and its use in chronic pain",
abstract = "Psychological intervention may be effective in chronic pain. A brief, valid and reliable screening tool may assist the targeting of appropriate intervention in primary care. We tested the Psychological Vulnerability Scale (PVS) for use in future community-based studies. A postal questionnaire was sent to 160 adults sampled from a general practice in North East Scotland, and to 40 adults from a hospital-based pain management clinic. The questionnaire included the SF-36, the Chronic Pain Grade (CPG) and chronic pain definition questionnaire. Factor analysis identified one relevant factor with a high eigenvalue of 3.65. All correlations with the SF-36 were significant. The PVS had good internal consistency and moderate test-retest scores, showing the PVS to be a reliable instrument for use in a general population sample. The difference in PVS total score between the pain clinic and general population sample was highly significant (p = 0.006). 32{\%} of community-based individuals with chronic pain and 49{\%} of pain clinic attendees had high psychological vulnerability. Further work is required to assess the usefulness of the PVS in future chronic pain research and clinical practice.",
author = "Hilary Selbie and Smith, {Blair Hamilton} and Elliott, {Alison Margaret} and Saskia Teunisse and Chambers, {W. A.} and Hannaford, {Philip Christopher}",
year = "2004",
doi = "10.1163/156856904774134352",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "153--162",
journal = "Pain Clinic",
issn = "0169-1112",
publisher = "Maney Publishing",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A validation of the Psychological Vulnerability Scale and its use in chronic pain

AU - Selbie, Hilary

AU - Smith, Blair Hamilton

AU - Elliott, Alison Margaret

AU - Teunisse, Saskia

AU - Chambers, W. A.

AU - Hannaford, Philip Christopher

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - Psychological intervention may be effective in chronic pain. A brief, valid and reliable screening tool may assist the targeting of appropriate intervention in primary care. We tested the Psychological Vulnerability Scale (PVS) for use in future community-based studies. A postal questionnaire was sent to 160 adults sampled from a general practice in North East Scotland, and to 40 adults from a hospital-based pain management clinic. The questionnaire included the SF-36, the Chronic Pain Grade (CPG) and chronic pain definition questionnaire. Factor analysis identified one relevant factor with a high eigenvalue of 3.65. All correlations with the SF-36 were significant. The PVS had good internal consistency and moderate test-retest scores, showing the PVS to be a reliable instrument for use in a general population sample. The difference in PVS total score between the pain clinic and general population sample was highly significant (p = 0.006). 32% of community-based individuals with chronic pain and 49% of pain clinic attendees had high psychological vulnerability. Further work is required to assess the usefulness of the PVS in future chronic pain research and clinical practice.

AB - Psychological intervention may be effective in chronic pain. A brief, valid and reliable screening tool may assist the targeting of appropriate intervention in primary care. We tested the Psychological Vulnerability Scale (PVS) for use in future community-based studies. A postal questionnaire was sent to 160 adults sampled from a general practice in North East Scotland, and to 40 adults from a hospital-based pain management clinic. The questionnaire included the SF-36, the Chronic Pain Grade (CPG) and chronic pain definition questionnaire. Factor analysis identified one relevant factor with a high eigenvalue of 3.65. All correlations with the SF-36 were significant. The PVS had good internal consistency and moderate test-retest scores, showing the PVS to be a reliable instrument for use in a general population sample. The difference in PVS total score between the pain clinic and general population sample was highly significant (p = 0.006). 32% of community-based individuals with chronic pain and 49% of pain clinic attendees had high psychological vulnerability. Further work is required to assess the usefulness of the PVS in future chronic pain research and clinical practice.

U2 - 10.1163/156856904774134352

DO - 10.1163/156856904774134352

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 153

EP - 162

JO - Pain Clinic

JF - Pain Clinic

SN - 0169-1112

IS - 2

ER -