Abyssal demersal fish fauna composition in two contrasting productivity regions of the Crozet Plateau, Southern Indian Ocean

Nicola Jane Cousins, Imants George Priede

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Superimposed on the topographically uniform Crozet Plateau is an annually occurring pronounced gradient of surface productivity during the austral summer. Primary productivity is enhanced due to leached dissolved iron from the Crozet Islands resulting in high nutrient input to the seafloor east of the islands (+Fe; M5), and low nutrient input in the south (HNLC; M6). The demersal fish community at the +Fe site, 4160 m, depth, and the HNLC site, 4190 m depth, were sampled by trawl. Demersal fish species richness was greater at the +Fe site with 14 vs. 10 demersal fish species. The same major taxonomic groups were present at both sites, with the macrourids dominating both abundance and biomass. At both sites the macrourids and Bathypterois oddi dominate numerically, and the macrourids dominate biomass. Biomass was 374 kg km-2 at +Fe and 199 kg km-2 at HNLC and abundances were 1336 fish km-2, and 881 fish km-2, respectively. Despite elevated demersal fish biomass, biodiversity and abundance at +Fe compared with HNLC, an imbalance in sampling regime resulted in no statistical difference between the two sites, calling in to question current deep demersal fish sampling on multidisciplinary cruises.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-77
Number of pages7
JournalDeep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers
Volume64
Early online date19 Feb 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • marine fish
  • bottom trawls
  • deep water
  • ichthyology
  • Southern Indian Ocean
  • Crozet Island
  • natural iron fertilisation

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