Accelerated increase in plant species richness on mountain summits is linked to warming

Manuel J. Steinbauer, John-Arvid Grytnes, Gerald Jurasinski, Aino Kulonen, Jonathan Lenoir, Harald Pauli, Christian Rixen, Manuela Winkler, Manfred Bardy-Durchhalter, Elena Barni, Anne D. Bjorkman, Frank T. Breiner, Sarah Burg, Patryk Czortek, Melissa A. Dawes, Anna Delimat, Stefan Dullinger, Brigitta Erschbamer, Vivian A. Felde, Olatz Fernández-Arberas & 33 others Kjetil F. Fossheim, Daniel Gómez-García, Damien Georges, Erlend T. Grindrud, Sylvia Haider, Siri V. Haugum, Hanne Henriksen, María J. Herreros, Bogdan Jaroszewicz, Francesca Jaroszynska, Robert Kanka, Jutta Kapfer, Kari Klanderud, Ingolf Kühn, Andrea Lamprecht, Magali Matteodo, Umberto Morra di Cella, Signe Normand, Arvid Odland, Siri L. Olsen, Sara Palacio, Martina Petey, Veronika Piscová, Blazena Sedlakova, Klaus Steinbauer, Veronika Stöckli, Jens-Christian Svenning, Guido Teppa, Jean-Paul Theurillat, Pascal Vittoz, Sarah J Woodin, Niklaus E. Zimmermann, Sonja Wipf

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Abstract

Globally accelerating trends in societal development and human environmental impacts since the mid-20th century1-7 are known as the Great Acceleration and discussed as a key indicator of the onset of the Anthropocene6. While reports on ecological responses (e.g. species range shifts or local extinctions) to the Great Acceleration are multiplying8,9, it is unknown whether such biotic responses are undergoing a similar acceleration over time. This knowledge gap stems from the limited availability of time series data on biodiversity changes across large temporal and geographical extents. Here, we use a unique dataset of repeated plant surveys from 302 mountain summits across Europe, spanning 145 years of observation, to assess the temporal trajectory of mountain biodiversity changes as a globally coherent imprint of the Anthropocene. We find a continent-wide acceleration in the rate of plant species richness increase, with five times higher species enrichment over the last decade compared to fifty years ago. This acceleration is strikingly synchronized with accelerated global warming, and not linked to alternative global change drivers. The accelerating increases in species richness on mountain summits across this broad spatial extent demonstrate that acceleration in climate-induced biotic changes is occurring even at remote places on Earth, with potentially far-ranging consequences not only for biodiversity, but also for ecosystem functioning and services.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-234
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume556
Early online date4 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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warming
species richness
mountain
biodiversity
local extinction
global change
plant species
global warming
environmental impact
trajectory
time series
ecosystem
climate

Keywords

  • biodiversity
  • climate-change ecology
  • climate-change impacts
  • macroecology
  • plant sciences

Cite this

Steinbauer, M. J., Grytnes, J-A., Jurasinski, G., Kulonen, A., Lenoir, J., Pauli, H., ... Wipf, S. (2018). Accelerated increase in plant species richness on mountain summits is linked to warming. Nature, 556, 231-234. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0005-6

Accelerated increase in plant species richness on mountain summits is linked to warming. / Steinbauer, Manuel J. ; Grytnes, John-Arvid ; Jurasinski, Gerald ; Kulonen, Aino ; Lenoir, Jonathan; Pauli, Harald ; Rixen, Christian ; Winkler, Manuela ; Bardy-Durchhalter, Manfred ; Barni, Elena ; Bjorkman, Anne D. ; Breiner, Frank T. ; Burg, Sarah ; Czortek, Patryk ; Dawes, Melissa A. ; Delimat, Anna ; Dullinger, Stefan ; Erschbamer, Brigitta ; Felde, Vivian A. ; Fernández-Arberas, Olatz; Fossheim, Kjetil F. ; Gómez-García, Daniel ; Georges, Damien ; Grindrud, Erlend T. ; Haider, Sylvia; Haugum, Siri V. ; Henriksen, Hanne ; Herreros, María J. ; Jaroszewicz, Bogdan ; Jaroszynska, Francesca ; Kanka, Robert; Kapfer, Jutta ; Klanderud, Kari ; Kühn, Ingolf ; Lamprecht, Andrea ; Matteodo, Magali ; di Cella, Umberto Morra ; Normand, Signe ; Odland, Arvid ; Olsen, Siri L. ; Palacio, Sara; Petey, Martina; Piscová, Veronika ; Sedlakova, Blazena ; Steinbauer, Klaus ; Stöckli, Veronika ; Svenning, Jens-Christian ; Teppa, Guido ; Theurillat, Jean-Paul ; Vittoz, Pascal ; Woodin, Sarah J; Zimmermann, Niklaus E. ; Wipf, Sonja.

In: Nature, Vol. 556, 2018, p. 231-234.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Steinbauer, MJ, Grytnes, J-A, Jurasinski, G, Kulonen, A, Lenoir, J, Pauli, H, Rixen, C, Winkler, M, Bardy-Durchhalter, M, Barni, E, Bjorkman, AD, Breiner, FT, Burg, S, Czortek, P, Dawes, MA, Delimat, A, Dullinger, S, Erschbamer, B, Felde, VA, Fernández-Arberas, O, Fossheim, KF, Gómez-García, D, Georges, D, Grindrud, ET, Haider, S, Haugum, SV, Henriksen, H, Herreros, MJ, Jaroszewicz, B, Jaroszynska, F, Kanka, R, Kapfer, J, Klanderud, K, Kühn, I, Lamprecht, A, Matteodo, M, di Cella, UM, Normand, S, Odland, A, Olsen, SL, Palacio, S, Petey, M, Piscová, V, Sedlakova, B, Steinbauer, K, Stöckli, V, Svenning, J-C, Teppa, G, Theurillat, J-P, Vittoz, P, Woodin, SJ, Zimmermann, NE & Wipf, S 2018, 'Accelerated increase in plant species richness on mountain summits is linked to warming', Nature, vol. 556, pp. 231-234. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0005-6
Steinbauer MJ, Grytnes J-A, Jurasinski G, Kulonen A, Lenoir J, Pauli H et al. Accelerated increase in plant species richness on mountain summits is linked to warming. Nature. 2018;556:231-234. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0005-6
Steinbauer, Manuel J. ; Grytnes, John-Arvid ; Jurasinski, Gerald ; Kulonen, Aino ; Lenoir, Jonathan ; Pauli, Harald ; Rixen, Christian ; Winkler, Manuela ; Bardy-Durchhalter, Manfred ; Barni, Elena ; Bjorkman, Anne D. ; Breiner, Frank T. ; Burg, Sarah ; Czortek, Patryk ; Dawes, Melissa A. ; Delimat, Anna ; Dullinger, Stefan ; Erschbamer, Brigitta ; Felde, Vivian A. ; Fernández-Arberas, Olatz ; Fossheim, Kjetil F. ; Gómez-García, Daniel ; Georges, Damien ; Grindrud, Erlend T. ; Haider, Sylvia ; Haugum, Siri V. ; Henriksen, Hanne ; Herreros, María J. ; Jaroszewicz, Bogdan ; Jaroszynska, Francesca ; Kanka, Robert ; Kapfer, Jutta ; Klanderud, Kari ; Kühn, Ingolf ; Lamprecht, Andrea ; Matteodo, Magali ; di Cella, Umberto Morra ; Normand, Signe ; Odland, Arvid ; Olsen, Siri L. ; Palacio, Sara ; Petey, Martina ; Piscová, Veronika ; Sedlakova, Blazena ; Steinbauer, Klaus ; Stöckli, Veronika ; Svenning, Jens-Christian ; Teppa, Guido ; Theurillat, Jean-Paul ; Vittoz, Pascal ; Woodin, Sarah J ; Zimmermann, Niklaus E. ; Wipf, Sonja. / Accelerated increase in plant species richness on mountain summits is linked to warming. In: Nature. 2018 ; Vol. 556. pp. 231-234.
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title = "Accelerated increase in plant species richness on mountain summits is linked to warming",
abstract = "Globally accelerating trends in societal development and human environmental impacts since the mid-20th century1-7 are known as the Great Acceleration and discussed as a key indicator of the onset of the Anthropocene6. While reports on ecological responses (e.g. species range shifts or local extinctions) to the Great Acceleration are multiplying8,9, it is unknown whether such biotic responses are undergoing a similar acceleration over time. This knowledge gap stems from the limited availability of time series data on biodiversity changes across large temporal and geographical extents. Here, we use a unique dataset of repeated plant surveys from 302 mountain summits across Europe, spanning 145 years of observation, to assess the temporal trajectory of mountain biodiversity changes as a globally coherent imprint of the Anthropocene. We find a continent-wide acceleration in the rate of plant species richness increase, with five times higher species enrichment over the last decade compared to fifty years ago. This acceleration is strikingly synchronized with accelerated global warming, and not linked to alternative global change drivers. The accelerating increases in species richness on mountain summits across this broad spatial extent demonstrate that acceleration in climate-induced biotic changes is occurring even at remote places on Earth, with potentially far-ranging consequences not only for biodiversity, but also for ecosystem functioning and services.",
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author = "Steinbauer, {Manuel J.} and John-Arvid Grytnes and Gerald Jurasinski and Aino Kulonen and Jonathan Lenoir and Harald Pauli and Christian Rixen and Manuela Winkler and Manfred Bardy-Durchhalter and Elena Barni and Bjorkman, {Anne D.} and Breiner, {Frank T.} and Sarah Burg and Patryk Czortek and Dawes, {Melissa A.} and Anna Delimat and Stefan Dullinger and Brigitta Erschbamer and Felde, {Vivian A.} and Olatz Fern{\'a}ndez-Arberas and Fossheim, {Kjetil F.} and Daniel G{\'o}mez-Garc{\'i}a and Damien Georges and Grindrud, {Erlend T.} and Sylvia Haider and Haugum, {Siri V.} and Hanne Henriksen and Herreros, {Mar{\'i}a J.} and Bogdan Jaroszewicz and Francesca Jaroszynska and Robert Kanka and Jutta Kapfer and Kari Klanderud and Ingolf K{\"u}hn and Andrea Lamprecht and Magali Matteodo and {di Cella}, {Umberto Morra} and Signe Normand and Arvid Odland and Olsen, {Siri L.} and Sara Palacio and Martina Petey and Veronika Piscov{\'a} and Blazena Sedlakova and Klaus Steinbauer and Veronika St{\"o}ckli and Jens-Christian Svenning and Guido Teppa and Jean-Paul Theurillat and Pascal Vittoz and Woodin, {Sarah J} and Zimmermann, {Niklaus E.} and Sonja Wipf",
note = "We thank D. Barolin, J. Birks, A. Bj{\"o}rken, C. Bj{\"o}rken, S. Dahle, U. Deppe, G. Dussassois, J. V. Ferr{\'a}ndez, T. Gassner, S. Giovanettina, F. Giuntoli, {\O}. Lunde Heggeb{\o}, K. Herz, A. Jost, K. Kallnik, W. Kapfer, T. Kronstad, H. Laukeland, S. Nie{\ss}ner, M. Olson, P. Roux-Fouillet, K. Schofield, M. Suen, D. Watson, J. Wells Abbott, J. Zaremba and numerous additional helpers for fieldwork support; P. Barancˇ ok, J. L. Benito Alonso, M. Camenisch, G. Coldea, J. Dick, M. Gottfried, G. Grabherr, J. I. Holten, J. Koll{\'a}r, P. Larsson, M. Mallaun, O. Michelsen, U. Molau, M. Pus¸  cas¸ , T. Scheurer, P. Unterluggauer, L. Villar, G.-R. Walther, and numerous helpers for data originating from the GLORIA network13; C. Jenks for linguistic support; and the following institutions for funding. M.J.S.: Danish Carlsbergfondet (CF14-0148), EU Marie Sklodowska-Curie action (grant 707491). C.R., V.S., S.W.: Velux Foundation, Switzerland. C.R., V.S., S.W., J.-P.T., P.V.: Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN). A.K.: Swiss National Science Foundation (31003A_144011 to C.R.), Basler Stiftung f{\"u}r biologische Forschung, Switzerland. J.K.: Fram Centre, Norway (362202). J.K., J.-A.G., P.C., B.J.: Polish-Norwegian Research Programme of the Norwegian National Centre for Research and Development (Pol-Nor/196829/87/2013). O.F.-A., M.J.H., S.P.: Instituto de Estudios Altoaragoneses (Huesca, Spain). S.D.: Austrian Climate Research Programme (ACRP, project 368575: DISEQU-ALP). F.J.: Botanical Society of Britain & Ireland; Alpine Garden Society, UK. M.J.H.: Felix de Azara research grant (IBERSUMIT project, DPH, Spain). R.K.: Slovak Research and Development Agency (APVV 0866-12). S.N., D.G.: VILLUM Foundation’s Young Investigator Programme (VKR023456; Denmark). S.P.: Ram{\'o}n y Cajal fellowship (RYC-2013-14164, Ministerio de Econom{\'i}a y Competitividad, Spain). J.-C.S.: European Research Council (ERC-2012-StG-310886-HISTFUNC); VILLUM Investigator project (VILLUM FONDEN grant 16549; Denmark). S.W.: WSL internal grant (201307N0678, Switzerland); EU FP7 Interact Transnational Access (AlpFlor Europe). S.W., S.B., F.J., M.J.H.: Swiss Botanical Society Alpine Flower Fund. Time and effort was supported by sDiv, the Synthesis Centre of iDiv, Germany (DFG FZT 118, sUMMITDiv working group).",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1038/s41586-018-0005-6",
language = "English",
volume = "556",
pages = "231--234",
journal = "Nature",
issn = "0028-0836",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Accelerated increase in plant species richness on mountain summits is linked to warming

AU - Steinbauer, Manuel J.

AU - Grytnes, John-Arvid

AU - Jurasinski, Gerald

AU - Kulonen, Aino

AU - Lenoir, Jonathan

AU - Pauli, Harald

AU - Rixen, Christian

AU - Winkler, Manuela

AU - Bardy-Durchhalter, Manfred

AU - Barni, Elena

AU - Bjorkman, Anne D.

AU - Breiner, Frank T.

AU - Burg, Sarah

AU - Czortek, Patryk

AU - Dawes, Melissa A.

AU - Delimat, Anna

AU - Dullinger, Stefan

AU - Erschbamer, Brigitta

AU - Felde, Vivian A.

AU - Fernández-Arberas, Olatz

AU - Fossheim, Kjetil F.

AU - Gómez-García, Daniel

AU - Georges, Damien

AU - Grindrud, Erlend T.

AU - Haider, Sylvia

AU - Haugum, Siri V.

AU - Henriksen, Hanne

AU - Herreros, María J.

AU - Jaroszewicz, Bogdan

AU - Jaroszynska, Francesca

AU - Kanka, Robert

AU - Kapfer, Jutta

AU - Klanderud, Kari

AU - Kühn, Ingolf

AU - Lamprecht, Andrea

AU - Matteodo, Magali

AU - di Cella, Umberto Morra

AU - Normand, Signe

AU - Odland, Arvid

AU - Olsen, Siri L.

AU - Palacio, Sara

AU - Petey, Martina

AU - Piscová, Veronika

AU - Sedlakova, Blazena

AU - Steinbauer, Klaus

AU - Stöckli, Veronika

AU - Svenning, Jens-Christian

AU - Teppa, Guido

AU - Theurillat, Jean-Paul

AU - Vittoz, Pascal

AU - Woodin, Sarah J

AU - Zimmermann, Niklaus E.

AU - Wipf, Sonja

N1 - We thank D. Barolin, J. Birks, A. Björken, C. Björken, S. Dahle, U. Deppe, G. Dussassois, J. V. Ferrández, T. Gassner, S. Giovanettina, F. Giuntoli, Ø. Lunde Heggebø, K. Herz, A. Jost, K. Kallnik, W. Kapfer, T. Kronstad, H. Laukeland, S. Nießner, M. Olson, P. Roux-Fouillet, K. Schofield, M. Suen, D. Watson, J. Wells Abbott, J. Zaremba and numerous additional helpers for fieldwork support; P. Barancˇ ok, J. L. Benito Alonso, M. Camenisch, G. Coldea, J. Dick, M. Gottfried, G. Grabherr, J. I. Holten, J. Kollár, P. Larsson, M. Mallaun, O. Michelsen, U. Molau, M. Pus¸  cas¸ , T. Scheurer, P. Unterluggauer, L. Villar, G.-R. Walther, and numerous helpers for data originating from the GLORIA network13; C. Jenks for linguistic support; and the following institutions for funding. M.J.S.: Danish Carlsbergfondet (CF14-0148), EU Marie Sklodowska-Curie action (grant 707491). C.R., V.S., S.W.: Velux Foundation, Switzerland. C.R., V.S., S.W., J.-P.T., P.V.: Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN). A.K.: Swiss National Science Foundation (31003A_144011 to C.R.), Basler Stiftung für biologische Forschung, Switzerland. J.K.: Fram Centre, Norway (362202). J.K., J.-A.G., P.C., B.J.: Polish-Norwegian Research Programme of the Norwegian National Centre for Research and Development (Pol-Nor/196829/87/2013). O.F.-A., M.J.H., S.P.: Instituto de Estudios Altoaragoneses (Huesca, Spain). S.D.: Austrian Climate Research Programme (ACRP, project 368575: DISEQU-ALP). F.J.: Botanical Society of Britain & Ireland; Alpine Garden Society, UK. M.J.H.: Felix de Azara research grant (IBERSUMIT project, DPH, Spain). R.K.: Slovak Research and Development Agency (APVV 0866-12). S.N., D.G.: VILLUM Foundation’s Young Investigator Programme (VKR023456; Denmark). S.P.: Ramón y Cajal fellowship (RYC-2013-14164, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Spain). J.-C.S.: European Research Council (ERC-2012-StG-310886-HISTFUNC); VILLUM Investigator project (VILLUM FONDEN grant 16549; Denmark). S.W.: WSL internal grant (201307N0678, Switzerland); EU FP7 Interact Transnational Access (AlpFlor Europe). S.W., S.B., F.J., M.J.H.: Swiss Botanical Society Alpine Flower Fund. Time and effort was supported by sDiv, the Synthesis Centre of iDiv, Germany (DFG FZT 118, sUMMITDiv working group).

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Globally accelerating trends in societal development and human environmental impacts since the mid-20th century1-7 are known as the Great Acceleration and discussed as a key indicator of the onset of the Anthropocene6. While reports on ecological responses (e.g. species range shifts or local extinctions) to the Great Acceleration are multiplying8,9, it is unknown whether such biotic responses are undergoing a similar acceleration over time. This knowledge gap stems from the limited availability of time series data on biodiversity changes across large temporal and geographical extents. Here, we use a unique dataset of repeated plant surveys from 302 mountain summits across Europe, spanning 145 years of observation, to assess the temporal trajectory of mountain biodiversity changes as a globally coherent imprint of the Anthropocene. We find a continent-wide acceleration in the rate of plant species richness increase, with five times higher species enrichment over the last decade compared to fifty years ago. This acceleration is strikingly synchronized with accelerated global warming, and not linked to alternative global change drivers. The accelerating increases in species richness on mountain summits across this broad spatial extent demonstrate that acceleration in climate-induced biotic changes is occurring even at remote places on Earth, with potentially far-ranging consequences not only for biodiversity, but also for ecosystem functioning and services.

AB - Globally accelerating trends in societal development and human environmental impacts since the mid-20th century1-7 are known as the Great Acceleration and discussed as a key indicator of the onset of the Anthropocene6. While reports on ecological responses (e.g. species range shifts or local extinctions) to the Great Acceleration are multiplying8,9, it is unknown whether such biotic responses are undergoing a similar acceleration over time. This knowledge gap stems from the limited availability of time series data on biodiversity changes across large temporal and geographical extents. Here, we use a unique dataset of repeated plant surveys from 302 mountain summits across Europe, spanning 145 years of observation, to assess the temporal trajectory of mountain biodiversity changes as a globally coherent imprint of the Anthropocene. We find a continent-wide acceleration in the rate of plant species richness increase, with five times higher species enrichment over the last decade compared to fifty years ago. This acceleration is strikingly synchronized with accelerated global warming, and not linked to alternative global change drivers. The accelerating increases in species richness on mountain summits across this broad spatial extent demonstrate that acceleration in climate-induced biotic changes is occurring even at remote places on Earth, with potentially far-ranging consequences not only for biodiversity, but also for ecosystem functioning and services.

KW - biodiversity

KW - climate-change ecology

KW - climate-change impacts

KW - macroecology

KW - plant sciences

U2 - 10.1038/s41586-018-0005-6

DO - 10.1038/s41586-018-0005-6

M3 - Article

VL - 556

SP - 231

EP - 234

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

ER -