Action control in dyads: A randomized controlled trial to promote physical activity in everyday life

Corina Berli, Gertraud Stadler, Jennifer Inauen, Urte Scholz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Rationale
Engaging in regular physical activity requires substantial self-regulatory effort such as action control (e.g., continuously monitoring and evaluating an ongoing behavior with regard to one's standards).

Objective
The present study examined the effectiveness of an ecological momentary action control intervention for promoting daily physical activity. Also, we tested whether a dyadic compared to an individual intervention displayed an additional benefit.

Methods
121 overweight and obese individuals and their partners were randomly allocated to an intervention (n = 60; information + action control text messages) or a control group (n = 61; information only). The intervention was delivered in a dyadic vs. individual version of action control. Allocation ratio was 1:1:2 for the dyadic, individual, and control groups, respectively. Daily physical activity was assessed with triaxial accelerometers during a 14-day intervention phase and a 14-day follow-up phase.

Results
Participants in the intervention group showed a higher probability (36.5%) to achieve the recommended daily activity levels (≥30 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per day performed in bouts of at least 10 min) during the intervention and follow-up phase compared to those in the control group (23.0%). The intervention and control group did not differ in terms of daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (40.7 vs. 38.6 min per day, p = 0.623).

Conclusion
Interventions facilitating action control via text messages seem to be an effective tool for increasing adherence to physical activity guidelines in everyday life. The comparable effects for the dyadic and individual intervention suggest that automated text messages may be just as effective as personalized messages from the romantic partner. Further investigation is needed to examine the usefulness of a dyadic conceptualizing of action control. (controlled-trials.com ISRCTN15705531).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-97
Number of pages9
JournalSocial Science & Medicine
Volume163
Early online date4 Jul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016

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Text Messaging
dyad
everyday life
Randomized Controlled Trials
Control Groups
Group
Guidelines
Randomized Controlled Trial
Physical Activity
Everyday Life
Dyads
environmental behavior
monitoring
Control Group

Keywords

  • randomized controlled trial
  • self regulation
  • action control
  • dyadic
  • physical activity
  • accelerometer
  • obesity
  • text messages

Cite this

Action control in dyads : A randomized controlled trial to promote physical activity in everyday life. / Berli, Corina; Stadler, Gertraud; Inauen, Jennifer; Scholz, Urte.

In: Social Science & Medicine, Vol. 163, 08.2016, p. 89-97.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "RationaleEngaging in regular physical activity requires substantial self-regulatory effort such as action control (e.g., continuously monitoring and evaluating an ongoing behavior with regard to one's standards).ObjectiveThe present study examined the effectiveness of an ecological momentary action control intervention for promoting daily physical activity. Also, we tested whether a dyadic compared to an individual intervention displayed an additional benefit.Methods121 overweight and obese individuals and their partners were randomly allocated to an intervention (n = 60; information + action control text messages) or a control group (n = 61; information only). The intervention was delivered in a dyadic vs. individual version of action control. Allocation ratio was 1:1:2 for the dyadic, individual, and control groups, respectively. Daily physical activity was assessed with triaxial accelerometers during a 14-day intervention phase and a 14-day follow-up phase.ResultsParticipants in the intervention group showed a higher probability (36.5{\%}) to achieve the recommended daily activity levels (≥30 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per day performed in bouts of at least 10 min) during the intervention and follow-up phase compared to those in the control group (23.0{\%}). The intervention and control group did not differ in terms of daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (40.7 vs. 38.6 min per day, p = 0.623).ConclusionInterventions facilitating action control via text messages seem to be an effective tool for increasing adherence to physical activity guidelines in everyday life. The comparable effects for the dyadic and individual intervention suggest that automated text messages may be just as effective as personalized messages from the romantic partner. Further investigation is needed to examine the usefulness of a dyadic conceptualizing of action control. (controlled-trials.com ISRCTN15705531).",
keywords = "randomized controlled trial, self regulation, action control, dyadic, physical activity, accelerometer, obesity, text messages",
author = "Corina Berli and Gertraud Stadler and Jennifer Inauen and Urte Scholz",
note = "This project (PP00P1_133632/1), the first author Corina Berli (PP00P1_133632/1 and P2BEP1_158975) and the third author Jennifer Inauen (P2ZHP1_155103) were funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation.",
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T2 - A randomized controlled trial to promote physical activity in everyday life

AU - Berli, Corina

AU - Stadler, Gertraud

AU - Inauen, Jennifer

AU - Scholz, Urte

N1 - This project (PP00P1_133632/1), the first author Corina Berli (PP00P1_133632/1 and P2BEP1_158975) and the third author Jennifer Inauen (P2ZHP1_155103) were funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation.

PY - 2016/8

Y1 - 2016/8

N2 - RationaleEngaging in regular physical activity requires substantial self-regulatory effort such as action control (e.g., continuously monitoring and evaluating an ongoing behavior with regard to one's standards).ObjectiveThe present study examined the effectiveness of an ecological momentary action control intervention for promoting daily physical activity. Also, we tested whether a dyadic compared to an individual intervention displayed an additional benefit.Methods121 overweight and obese individuals and their partners were randomly allocated to an intervention (n = 60; information + action control text messages) or a control group (n = 61; information only). The intervention was delivered in a dyadic vs. individual version of action control. Allocation ratio was 1:1:2 for the dyadic, individual, and control groups, respectively. Daily physical activity was assessed with triaxial accelerometers during a 14-day intervention phase and a 14-day follow-up phase.ResultsParticipants in the intervention group showed a higher probability (36.5%) to achieve the recommended daily activity levels (≥30 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per day performed in bouts of at least 10 min) during the intervention and follow-up phase compared to those in the control group (23.0%). The intervention and control group did not differ in terms of daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (40.7 vs. 38.6 min per day, p = 0.623).ConclusionInterventions facilitating action control via text messages seem to be an effective tool for increasing adherence to physical activity guidelines in everyday life. The comparable effects for the dyadic and individual intervention suggest that automated text messages may be just as effective as personalized messages from the romantic partner. Further investigation is needed to examine the usefulness of a dyadic conceptualizing of action control. (controlled-trials.com ISRCTN15705531).

AB - RationaleEngaging in regular physical activity requires substantial self-regulatory effort such as action control (e.g., continuously monitoring and evaluating an ongoing behavior with regard to one's standards).ObjectiveThe present study examined the effectiveness of an ecological momentary action control intervention for promoting daily physical activity. Also, we tested whether a dyadic compared to an individual intervention displayed an additional benefit.Methods121 overweight and obese individuals and their partners were randomly allocated to an intervention (n = 60; information + action control text messages) or a control group (n = 61; information only). The intervention was delivered in a dyadic vs. individual version of action control. Allocation ratio was 1:1:2 for the dyadic, individual, and control groups, respectively. Daily physical activity was assessed with triaxial accelerometers during a 14-day intervention phase and a 14-day follow-up phase.ResultsParticipants in the intervention group showed a higher probability (36.5%) to achieve the recommended daily activity levels (≥30 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per day performed in bouts of at least 10 min) during the intervention and follow-up phase compared to those in the control group (23.0%). The intervention and control group did not differ in terms of daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (40.7 vs. 38.6 min per day, p = 0.623).ConclusionInterventions facilitating action control via text messages seem to be an effective tool for increasing adherence to physical activity guidelines in everyday life. The comparable effects for the dyadic and individual intervention suggest that automated text messages may be just as effective as personalized messages from the romantic partner. Further investigation is needed to examine the usefulness of a dyadic conceptualizing of action control. (controlled-trials.com ISRCTN15705531).

KW - randomized controlled trial

KW - self regulation

KW - action control

KW - dyadic

KW - physical activity

KW - accelerometer

KW - obesity

KW - text messages

U2 - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.07.003

DO - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.07.003

M3 - Article

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EP - 97

JO - Social Science & Medicine

JF - Social Science & Medicine

SN - 0277-9536

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