Adult age differences in event-based prospective memory

A meta-analysis on the role of focal versus nonfocal cues

Matthias Kliegel, Louise H. Phillips, Theodor Jaeger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

128 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies of age differences in event-based prospective memory indicate wide variation in the magnitude of age effects. One explanation derived from the multiprocess framework proposes that age differences depend on whether the cue to carry out a prospective intention is focal to ongoing task processing. A meta-analysis of 117 effect sizes from 4,709 participants provided evidence for this view, as age effects were greater when the prospective cue to the ongoing task was nonfocal compared with when it was focal. However, the results only support a weaker but not a stronger prediction of the multiprocess framework, as age impairments were reliably above zero for both types of retrieval cues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-208
Number of pages6
JournalPsychology and Aging
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008

Keywords

  • prospective memory
  • aging
  • meta-analysis
  • working-memory
  • retrospective memory
  • older adults
  • retrieval-processes
  • task complexity
  • performance
  • intentions
  • demands
  • sensitivity
  • younger

Cite this

Adult age differences in event-based prospective memory : A meta-analysis on the role of focal versus nonfocal cues. / Kliegel, Matthias; Phillips, Louise H.; Jaeger, Theodor.

In: Psychology and Aging, Vol. 23, No. 1, 03.2008, p. 203-208.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{35ee1dc9938743a08422ff3b48fda22b,
title = "Adult age differences in event-based prospective memory: A meta-analysis on the role of focal versus nonfocal cues",
abstract = "Studies of age differences in event-based prospective memory indicate wide variation in the magnitude of age effects. One explanation derived from the multiprocess framework proposes that age differences depend on whether the cue to carry out a prospective intention is focal to ongoing task processing. A meta-analysis of 117 effect sizes from 4,709 participants provided evidence for this view, as age effects were greater when the prospective cue to the ongoing task was nonfocal compared with when it was focal. However, the results only support a weaker but not a stronger prediction of the multiprocess framework, as age impairments were reliably above zero for both types of retrieval cues.",
keywords = "prospective memory, aging, meta-analysis, working-memory, retrospective memory, older adults, retrieval-processes, task complexity, performance, intentions, demands, sensitivity, younger",
author = "Matthias Kliegel and Phillips, {Louise H.} and Theodor Jaeger",
year = "2008",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1037/0882-7974.23.1.203",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "203--208",
journal = "Psychology and Aging",
issn = "0882-7974",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adult age differences in event-based prospective memory

T2 - A meta-analysis on the role of focal versus nonfocal cues

AU - Kliegel, Matthias

AU - Phillips, Louise H.

AU - Jaeger, Theodor

PY - 2008/3

Y1 - 2008/3

N2 - Studies of age differences in event-based prospective memory indicate wide variation in the magnitude of age effects. One explanation derived from the multiprocess framework proposes that age differences depend on whether the cue to carry out a prospective intention is focal to ongoing task processing. A meta-analysis of 117 effect sizes from 4,709 participants provided evidence for this view, as age effects were greater when the prospective cue to the ongoing task was nonfocal compared with when it was focal. However, the results only support a weaker but not a stronger prediction of the multiprocess framework, as age impairments were reliably above zero for both types of retrieval cues.

AB - Studies of age differences in event-based prospective memory indicate wide variation in the magnitude of age effects. One explanation derived from the multiprocess framework proposes that age differences depend on whether the cue to carry out a prospective intention is focal to ongoing task processing. A meta-analysis of 117 effect sizes from 4,709 participants provided evidence for this view, as age effects were greater when the prospective cue to the ongoing task was nonfocal compared with when it was focal. However, the results only support a weaker but not a stronger prediction of the multiprocess framework, as age impairments were reliably above zero for both types of retrieval cues.

KW - prospective memory

KW - aging

KW - meta-analysis

KW - working-memory

KW - retrospective memory

KW - older adults

KW - retrieval-processes

KW - task complexity

KW - performance

KW - intentions

KW - demands

KW - sensitivity

KW - younger

U2 - 10.1037/0882-7974.23.1.203

DO - 10.1037/0882-7974.23.1.203

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 203

EP - 208

JO - Psychology and Aging

JF - Psychology and Aging

SN - 0882-7974

IS - 1

ER -