Age, growth, and mortality of Loligo vulgaris wild paralarvae: implications for understanding of the life cycle and longevity

Angel F. Gonzalez, Jaime Otero, Graham John Pierce, Angel Guerra

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19 Citations (Scopus)


Gonzalez, A. F., Otero, J., Pierce, G. J., and Guerra, A. 2010. Age, growth, and mortality of Loligo vulgaris wild paralarvae: implications for understanding of the life cycle and longevity. - ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67: 1119-1127.

Age, growth, and mortality were estimated for the first time in wild paralarvae of the common squid, Loligo vulgaris, by examining growth increments in the statoliths of 273 animals collected off the Ria de Vigo (NW Spain, NE Atlantic). Hatching was all year round for the period 2003- 2005, with a peak during late spring and a secondary peak during early autumn. Paralarvae varied from 1260 to 7580 mm, and their abundance decreased abruptly as they grew. Statolith increments were clearly visible without grinding in almost all material, allowing reliable estimation of age. Paralarvae are planktonic for at least 3 months. Growth in dorsal mantle length (DML) during that period fitted an exponential equation. The instantaneous relative growth rates were 2.11, 2.15, and 1.82% DML d 21 for 2003, 2004, and 2005, respectively, and there were no significant differences in size- at- age between the 3 years. Taking into account the growth rates estimated for the whole cycle of L. vulgaris, we suggest that the lifespan may previously have been underestimated by 3 months, because the proximity of the rings deposited during paralarval and early juvenile stages would prevent accuracy in enumerating the number of growth increments in later stages. The estimated instantaneous rate of total mortality during the first 90 d of a paralarva life was 9.6, 5.3, and 4.8% d(-1) for 2003, 2004, and 2005, respectively. Eye diameter was a reliable and rapid way of estimating DML and age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1119-1127
Number of pages9
JournalICES Journal of Marine Science
Issue number6
Early online date23 Mar 2010
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010


  • age
  • Cephalopoda
  • Galicia
  • growth
  • Loligo vulgaris
  • mortality
  • NE Atlantic
  • paralarvae
  • waters NW Spain
  • Cephalopod Paralarvae
  • illex-illecebrosus
  • reynaudii dorbigny
  • statolith analysis
  • octopus-vulgaris
  • common octopus
  • European squid
  • loliginidae
  • temperature

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