Age-related similarities and differences in the first impressions of trustworthiness

Phoebe E. Bailey* (Corresponding Author), Paulina Szczap, Skye N McLennan, Gillian Slessor, Ted Ruffman, Peter G. Rendell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Trust is a particularly under-studied aspect of social relationships in older age. In the current study, young (n = 35) and older adults (n = 35) completed a series of one-shot social economic trust games in which they invested real money with trustees. There were potential gains with each investment and also a risk of losing everything if the trustee was untrustworthy. The reputation and facial appearance of each trustee were manipulated to make them appear more or less trustworthy. Results revealed that young and older adults invest more money with trustees whose facial appearance and reputation indicate that they are trustworthy rather than untrustworthy. However, older adults were more likely than young to invest with trustees who had a reputation for being untrustworthy. We discuss whether age-related differences in responding to negative information may account for an age-related increase in trust, particularly when trusting someone with a reputation for being uncooperative.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1017-1026
Number of pages10
JournalCognition & Emotion
Volume30
Issue number5
Early online date28 May 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Trustees
Young Adult
Economics
Trustworthiness

Keywords

  • trust
  • first impressions
  • trustworthiness
  • ageing
  • positivity

Cite this

Age-related similarities and differences in the first impressions of trustworthiness. / Bailey, Phoebe E. (Corresponding Author); Szczap, Paulina; McLennan, Skye N; Slessor, Gillian; Ruffman, Ted; Rendell, Peter G.

In: Cognition & Emotion, Vol. 30, No. 5, 2016, p. 1017-1026.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bailey, Phoebe E. ; Szczap, Paulina ; McLennan, Skye N ; Slessor, Gillian ; Ruffman, Ted ; Rendell, Peter G. / Age-related similarities and differences in the first impressions of trustworthiness. In: Cognition & Emotion. 2016 ; Vol. 30, No. 5. pp. 1017-1026.
@article{d28bbb33199140bd99fedd2d626f6e08,
title = "Age-related similarities and differences in the first impressions of trustworthiness",
abstract = "Trust is a particularly under-studied aspect of social relationships in older age. In the current study, young (n = 35) and older adults (n = 35) completed a series of one-shot social economic trust games in which they invested real money with trustees. There were potential gains with each investment and also a risk of losing everything if the trustee was untrustworthy. The reputation and facial appearance of each trustee were manipulated to make them appear more or less trustworthy. Results revealed that young and older adults invest more money with trustees whose facial appearance and reputation indicate that they are trustworthy rather than untrustworthy. However, older adults were more likely than young to invest with trustees who had a reputation for being untrustworthy. We discuss whether age-related differences in responding to negative information may account for an age-related increase in trust, particularly when trusting someone with a reputation for being uncooperative.",
keywords = "trust, first impressions, trustworthiness, ageing, positivity",
author = "Bailey, {Phoebe E.} and Paulina Szczap and McLennan, {Skye N} and Gillian Slessor and Ted Ruffman and Rendell, {Peter G.}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1080/02699931.2015.1039493",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "1017--1026",
journal = "Cognition & Emotion",
issn = "0269-9931",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Age-related similarities and differences in the first impressions of trustworthiness

AU - Bailey, Phoebe E.

AU - Szczap, Paulina

AU - McLennan, Skye N

AU - Slessor, Gillian

AU - Ruffman, Ted

AU - Rendell, Peter G.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Trust is a particularly under-studied aspect of social relationships in older age. In the current study, young (n = 35) and older adults (n = 35) completed a series of one-shot social economic trust games in which they invested real money with trustees. There were potential gains with each investment and also a risk of losing everything if the trustee was untrustworthy. The reputation and facial appearance of each trustee were manipulated to make them appear more or less trustworthy. Results revealed that young and older adults invest more money with trustees whose facial appearance and reputation indicate that they are trustworthy rather than untrustworthy. However, older adults were more likely than young to invest with trustees who had a reputation for being untrustworthy. We discuss whether age-related differences in responding to negative information may account for an age-related increase in trust, particularly when trusting someone with a reputation for being uncooperative.

AB - Trust is a particularly under-studied aspect of social relationships in older age. In the current study, young (n = 35) and older adults (n = 35) completed a series of one-shot social economic trust games in which they invested real money with trustees. There were potential gains with each investment and also a risk of losing everything if the trustee was untrustworthy. The reputation and facial appearance of each trustee were manipulated to make them appear more or less trustworthy. Results revealed that young and older adults invest more money with trustees whose facial appearance and reputation indicate that they are trustworthy rather than untrustworthy. However, older adults were more likely than young to invest with trustees who had a reputation for being untrustworthy. We discuss whether age-related differences in responding to negative information may account for an age-related increase in trust, particularly when trusting someone with a reputation for being uncooperative.

KW - trust

KW - first impressions

KW - trustworthiness

KW - ageing

KW - positivity

U2 - 10.1080/02699931.2015.1039493

DO - 10.1080/02699931.2015.1039493

M3 - Article

VL - 30

SP - 1017

EP - 1026

JO - Cognition & Emotion

JF - Cognition & Emotion

SN - 0269-9931

IS - 5

ER -