Aging and lineup performance at long retention intervals: effects of metamemory and context reinstatement

J. H. Searcy, Amina Memon, K. Swanson, J. C. Bartlett

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    Abstract

    Young (18-30 years) and older (62-79 years) adults (N = 96) engaged in a 20-min live interaction with the future target in a lineup task. One month later, participants were interviewed about the events in the prior encounter (with or without context reinstatement), and then they saw a target-present (TP) or target-absent (TA) lineup. The lineup was followed by the Benton Face Recognition Test (A. Benton, A. Sivan, K. Hamsher, N. Varney, & O. Spreen, 1994), which correlated positively with accuracy in TP, especially for young adults. False identification in TA was associated with (a) higher scores on a memory self-efficacy scale and (b) higher recall of information about the initial event, although only for seniors. Results suggested that age-related increases in false identification generalize to ecologically valid conditions and that seniors' performance on lineups is negatively related to verbal recall as well as to self-reports of satisfactory experiences with memory in life.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)207-214
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
    Volume86
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

    Keywords

    • EYEWITNESS IDENTIFICATION
    • FACE RECOGNITION
    • OLDER ADULTS
    • MEMORY
    • RELIABILITY
    • AGE
    • QUESTIONNAIRE

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