AI in breast screening mammography: breast screening readers' perspectives

Clarisse Florence de Vries, Samantha J Colosimo, Moragh Boyle, Gerald Lip, Lesley A Anderson, Roger T Staff, iCAIRD Radiology Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVES: This study surveyed the views of breast screening readers in the UK on how to incorporate Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology into breast screening mammography.

METHODS: An online questionnaire was circulated to the UK breast screening readers. Questions included their degree of approval of four AI implementation scenarios: AI as triage, AI as a companion reader/reader aid, AI replacing one of the initial two readers, and AI replacing all readers. They were also asked to rank five AI representation options (discrete opinion; mammographic scoring; percentage score with 100% indicating malignancy; region of suspicion; heat map) and indicate which evidence they considered necessary to support the implementation of AI into their practice among six options offered.

RESULTS: The survey had 87 nationally accredited respondents across the UK; 73 completed the survey in full. Respondents approved of AI replacing one of the initial two human readers and objected to AI replacing all human readers. Participants were divided on AI as triage and AI as a reader companion. A region of suspicion superimposed on the image was the preferred AI representation option. Most screen readers considered national guidelines (77%), studies using a nationally representative dataset (65%) and independent prospective studies (60%) as essential evidence. Participants' free-text comments highlighted concerns and the need for additional validation.

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, screen readers supported the introduction of AI as a partial replacement of human readers and preferred a graphical indication of the suspected tumour area, with further evidence and national guidelines considered crucial prior to implementation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number186
Number of pages7
JournalInsights into Imaging
Issue number1
Early online date9 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 9 Dec 2022


  • Mammography
  • Screening
  • Radiologist
  • Breast screening reader


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