Alien Pathogens on the Horizon

Opportunities for Predicting their Threat to Wildlife

Helen E. Roy*, Helen Hesketh, Bethan V. Purse, Jørgen Eilenberg, Alberto Santini, Riccardo Scalera, Grant D. Stentiford, Tim Adriaens, Karolina Bacela-Spychalska, David Bass, Katie M. Beckmann, Paul Bessell, Jamie Bojko, Olaf Booy, Ana Cristina Cardoso, Franz Essl, Quentin Groom, Colin Harrower, Regina Kleespies, Angeliki F. Martinou & 20 others Monique M. van Oers, Edmund J. Peeler, Jan Pergl, Wolfgang Rabitsch, Alain Roques, Francis Schaffner, Stefan Schindler, Benedikt R. Schmidt, Karsten Schönrogge, Jonathan Smith, Wojciech Solarz, Alan Stewart, Arjan Stroo, Elena Tricarico, Katharine M. A. Turvey, Andrea Vannini, Montserrat Vilà, Stephen Woodward, Anja Amtoft Wynns, Alison M. Dunn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)
12 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

According to the Convention on Biological Diversity, by 2020 invasive alien species (IAS) should be identified and their impacts assessed, so that species can be prioritized for implementation of appropriate control strategies and measures put in place to manage invasion pathways. For one quarter of the IAS listed as the "100 of the world's worst" environmental impacts are linked to diseases of wildlife (undomesticated plants and animals). Moreover, IAS are a significant source of "pathogen pollution" defined as the human-mediated introduction of a pathogen to a new host or region. Despite this, little is known about the biology of alien pathogens and their biodiversity impacts after introduction into new regions. We argue that the threats posed by alien pathogens to endangered species, ecosystems, and ecosystem services should receive greater attention through legislation, policy, and management. We identify 10 key areas for research and action, including those relevant to the processes of introduction and establishment of an alien pathogen and to prediction of the spread and associated impact of an alien pathogen on native biota and ecosystems. The development of interdisciplinary capacity, expertise, and coordination to identify and manage threats was seen as critical to address knowledge gaps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-484
Number of pages8
JournalConservation Letters
Volume10
Issue number4
Early online date4 Oct 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

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wildlife
pathogen
pathogens
introduced species
invasive species
biodiversity
wildlife diseases
ecosystems
ecosystem
endangered species
ecosystem service
ecosystem services
laws and regulations
biota
environmental impact
legislation
pollution
Biological Sciences
prediction
animal

Keywords

  • Environmental hazard
  • Horizon scanning
  • Invasive alien species
  • Legislation
  • Wildlife diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Roy, H. E., Hesketh, H., Purse, B. V., Eilenberg, J., Santini, A., Scalera, R., ... Dunn, A. M. (2017). Alien Pathogens on the Horizon: Opportunities for Predicting their Threat to Wildlife. Conservation Letters, 10(4), 477-484. https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12297

Alien Pathogens on the Horizon : Opportunities for Predicting their Threat to Wildlife. / Roy, Helen E.; Hesketh, Helen; Purse, Bethan V.; Eilenberg, Jørgen; Santini, Alberto; Scalera, Riccardo; Stentiford, Grant D.; Adriaens, Tim; Bacela-Spychalska, Karolina; Bass, David; Beckmann, Katie M.; Bessell, Paul; Bojko, Jamie; Booy, Olaf; Cardoso, Ana Cristina; Essl, Franz; Groom, Quentin; Harrower, Colin; Kleespies, Regina; Martinou, Angeliki F.; van Oers, Monique M.; Peeler, Edmund J.; Pergl, Jan; Rabitsch, Wolfgang; Roques, Alain; Schaffner, Francis; Schindler, Stefan; Schmidt, Benedikt R.; Schönrogge, Karsten; Smith, Jonathan; Solarz, Wojciech; Stewart, Alan; Stroo, Arjan; Tricarico, Elena; Turvey, Katharine M. A.; Vannini, Andrea; Vilà, Montserrat; Woodward, Stephen; Wynns, Anja Amtoft; Dunn, Alison M.

In: Conservation Letters, Vol. 10, No. 4, 07.2017, p. 477-484.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Roy, HE, Hesketh, H, Purse, BV, Eilenberg, J, Santini, A, Scalera, R, Stentiford, GD, Adriaens, T, Bacela-Spychalska, K, Bass, D, Beckmann, KM, Bessell, P, Bojko, J, Booy, O, Cardoso, AC, Essl, F, Groom, Q, Harrower, C, Kleespies, R, Martinou, AF, van Oers, MM, Peeler, EJ, Pergl, J, Rabitsch, W, Roques, A, Schaffner, F, Schindler, S, Schmidt, BR, Schönrogge, K, Smith, J, Solarz, W, Stewart, A, Stroo, A, Tricarico, E, Turvey, KMA, Vannini, A, Vilà, M, Woodward, S, Wynns, AA & Dunn, AM 2017, 'Alien Pathogens on the Horizon: Opportunities for Predicting their Threat to Wildlife', Conservation Letters, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 477-484. https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12297
Roy HE, Hesketh H, Purse BV, Eilenberg J, Santini A, Scalera R et al. Alien Pathogens on the Horizon: Opportunities for Predicting their Threat to Wildlife. Conservation Letters. 2017 Jul;10(4):477-484. https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12297
Roy, Helen E. ; Hesketh, Helen ; Purse, Bethan V. ; Eilenberg, Jørgen ; Santini, Alberto ; Scalera, Riccardo ; Stentiford, Grant D. ; Adriaens, Tim ; Bacela-Spychalska, Karolina ; Bass, David ; Beckmann, Katie M. ; Bessell, Paul ; Bojko, Jamie ; Booy, Olaf ; Cardoso, Ana Cristina ; Essl, Franz ; Groom, Quentin ; Harrower, Colin ; Kleespies, Regina ; Martinou, Angeliki F. ; van Oers, Monique M. ; Peeler, Edmund J. ; Pergl, Jan ; Rabitsch, Wolfgang ; Roques, Alain ; Schaffner, Francis ; Schindler, Stefan ; Schmidt, Benedikt R. ; Schönrogge, Karsten ; Smith, Jonathan ; Solarz, Wojciech ; Stewart, Alan ; Stroo, Arjan ; Tricarico, Elena ; Turvey, Katharine M. A. ; Vannini, Andrea ; Vilà, Montserrat ; Woodward, Stephen ; Wynns, Anja Amtoft ; Dunn, Alison M. / Alien Pathogens on the Horizon : Opportunities for Predicting their Threat to Wildlife. In: Conservation Letters. 2017 ; Vol. 10, No. 4. pp. 477-484.
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abstract = "According to the Convention on Biological Diversity, by 2020 invasive alien species (IAS) should be identified and their impacts assessed, so that species can be prioritized for implementation of appropriate control strategies and measures put in place to manage invasion pathways. For one quarter of the IAS listed as the {"}100 of the world's worst{"} environmental impacts are linked to diseases of wildlife (undomesticated plants and animals). Moreover, IAS are a significant source of {"}pathogen pollution{"} defined as the human-mediated introduction of a pathogen to a new host or region. Despite this, little is known about the biology of alien pathogens and their biodiversity impacts after introduction into new regions. We argue that the threats posed by alien pathogens to endangered species, ecosystems, and ecosystem services should receive greater attention through legislation, policy, and management. We identify 10 key areas for research and action, including those relevant to the processes of introduction and establishment of an alien pathogen and to prediction of the spread and associated impact of an alien pathogen on native biota and ecosystems. The development of interdisciplinary capacity, expertise, and coordination to identify and manage threats was seen as critical to address knowledge gaps.",
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AU - Santini, Alberto

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KW - Legislation

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