Alite calcium sulfoaluminate cement: chemistry and thermodynamics

Theodore Hanein (Corresponding Author), Tristana Y Duvallet (Corresponding Author), Robert B Jewell, Anne E Oberlink, Thomas L Robl, Yongmin Zhou, Fredrik P Glasser, Marcus N Bannerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Calcium sulfoaluminate (C$A) cement is a binder of increasing interest to the cement industry and as such is undergoing rapid development. Current formulations do not contain alite; however, it can be shown that hybrid C$A-alite cements can combine the favourable characteristics of Portland cement with those of C$A cement while also having a lower carbon footprint than Portland cement clinkers. This paper presents two results on the formation of alite calcium sulfoaluminate (aC$A) clinkers. The first is a thermodynamic study which demonstrates that the production of a-C$A clinker is possible without the use of mineralizers, doping with foreign elements, or using multiple stages of heating. It is established that a-C$A clinker can be readily produced in a standard process by controlling the oxygen and sulfur dioxide fugacities in the atmosphere. This allows for the stabilization of ye'elimite to the higher temperatures required for alite stability. The second result establishes that when using fluorine to mineralise a-C$A clinker production at 1250°C the iron content in the clinker is also an important variable. Although the exact mechanism of alite stabilisation is not known, it is shown that alite formation increases with the presence of both CaF2 and Fe2O3 in the raw mix.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-105
Number of pages12
JournalAdvances in Cement Research
Volume31
Issue number3
Early online date20 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

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Calcium
Cements
Thermodynamics
Portland cement
Stabilization
Permethrin
Carbon footprint
Cement industry
Sulfur Dioxide
Fluorine
Sulfur dioxide
Chemical elements
Binders
Iron
Doping (additives)
Oxygen
Heating
calcium sulfoaluminate
Temperature

Keywords

  • clinkering/clinkering reactions
  • mineralisers
  • phase equilibria
  • special cements
  • sulfate-based cements
  • CLINKERS
  • clinkering reactions
  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE REFINEMENTS
  • ORDINARY PORTLAND-CEMENT
  • HYDRATION
  • TERNESITE
  • RAW MIX DESIGN
  • clinkering
  • PHASE
  • TEMPERATURE
  • NEUTRON POWDER DIFFRACTION
  • X-RAY

Cite this

Hanein, T., Duvallet, T. Y., Jewell, R. B., Oberlink, A. E., Robl, T. L., Zhou, Y., ... Bannerman, M. N. (2019). Alite calcium sulfoaluminate cement: chemistry and thermodynamics. Advances in Cement Research, 31(3), 94-105. https://doi.org/10.1680/jadcr.18.00118

Alite calcium sulfoaluminate cement : chemistry and thermodynamics. / Hanein, Theodore (Corresponding Author); Duvallet, Tristana Y (Corresponding Author); Jewell, Robert B; Oberlink, Anne E; Robl, Thomas L; Zhou, Yongmin; Glasser, Fredrik P; Bannerman, Marcus N.

In: Advances in Cement Research, Vol. 31, No. 3, 03.2019, p. 94-105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hanein, T, Duvallet, TY, Jewell, RB, Oberlink, AE, Robl, TL, Zhou, Y, Glasser, FP & Bannerman, MN 2019, 'Alite calcium sulfoaluminate cement: chemistry and thermodynamics' Advances in Cement Research, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 94-105. https://doi.org/10.1680/jadcr.18.00118
Hanein T, Duvallet TY, Jewell RB, Oberlink AE, Robl TL, Zhou Y et al. Alite calcium sulfoaluminate cement: chemistry and thermodynamics. Advances in Cement Research. 2019 Mar;31(3):94-105. https://doi.org/10.1680/jadcr.18.00118
Hanein, Theodore ; Duvallet, Tristana Y ; Jewell, Robert B ; Oberlink, Anne E ; Robl, Thomas L ; Zhou, Yongmin ; Glasser, Fredrik P ; Bannerman, Marcus N. / Alite calcium sulfoaluminate cement : chemistry and thermodynamics. In: Advances in Cement Research. 2019 ; Vol. 31, No. 3. pp. 94-105.
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AB - Calcium sulfoaluminate (C$A) cement is a binder of increasing interest to the cement industry and as such is undergoing rapid development. Current formulations do not contain alite; however, it can be shown that hybrid C$A-alite cements can combine the favourable characteristics of Portland cement with those of C$A cement while also having a lower carbon footprint than Portland cement clinkers. This paper presents two results on the formation of alite calcium sulfoaluminate (aC$A) clinkers. The first is a thermodynamic study which demonstrates that the production of a-C$A clinker is possible without the use of mineralizers, doping with foreign elements, or using multiple stages of heating. It is established that a-C$A clinker can be readily produced in a standard process by controlling the oxygen and sulfur dioxide fugacities in the atmosphere. This allows for the stabilization of ye'elimite to the higher temperatures required for alite stability. The second result establishes that when using fluorine to mineralise a-C$A clinker production at 1250°C the iron content in the clinker is also an important variable. Although the exact mechanism of alite stabilisation is not known, it is shown that alite formation increases with the presence of both CaF2 and Fe2O3 in the raw mix.

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