Altered L-selectin expression in lymphocytes and increased adhesion to endothelium in patients with diabetic retinopathy

J. R. MacKinnon, R. M. Knott, John Vincent Forrester

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To investigate L-selectin expression and shedding in patients with and without retinopathy and to determine if any observed changes are reflected by a functional change in the adhesion of leucocytes to an endothelial monolayer.

Methods: Age matched diabetic patients ( 26 with retinopathy, 19 without retinopathy) were compared to 24 nondiabetic controls to determine L-selectin surface protein expression, L-selectin mRNA production, and serum L-selectin levels by flow cytometry, RT-PCR, and ELISA, respectively. An adhesion assay was used to determine the binding of lymphocytes from the respective test groups to a monolayer of human endothelial cells.

Results: Significantly reduced (p = 0.004) L-selectin expression was demonstrated on lymphocytes (CD3+) from patients with diabetes compared to controls, the lowest levels being found in those with diabetic retinopathy ( p = 0.004). L-selectin mRNA levels (p = 0.007) were significantly higher in the retinopathy group than in the no retinopathy group. Serum L-selectin levels were significantly higher (p = 0.04) in those with retinopathy compared to controls. Lymphocyte adhesion relative to control (100%) was essentially unchanged (84.0% (SD 27.7%), p = 0.15) for diabetic patients with no retinopathy and was markedly increased (192% (37.6%)) for those with retinopathy (p = 0.0001).

Conclusion: Lymphocyte activation, reduced surface L-selectin, increased circulating L-selectin, and a corresponding increase in adhesion of patients' cells using an in vitro assay, is evident in people with diabetic retinopathy. This suggests a role for lymphocyte activation in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1137-1141
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume88
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • DISEASE-ACTIVITY
  • MOLECULES
  • MELLITUS
  • LEUKOSTASIS
  • LEUKOCYTES
  • MONOCYTES
  • RETINA
  • CELLS

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