An evaluation of the Transport to Employment (T2E) scheme in Highland Scotland using Social Return on Investment (SROI)

Steve Wright, John D. Nelson, James M. Cooper, Stephanie Murphy

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25 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents findings from an evaluation of transport to employment (T2E) in rural Highland Scotland. T2E is a centrally co-ordinated shared transport service which provides access to workplace, training and childcare where no alternative transport is available. The paper assesses the social as well as economic impacts on the local community through social return on investment (SROI) analysis. Measurable social benefits were found to outweigh the investment by 3:1 suggesting the concept to be a viable solution in a climate where public transport options are limited and typically restricted by low density and dispersed populations and challenging conditions for delivery.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-467
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Transport Geography
Issue number6
Early online date3 Feb 2009
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009



  • flexible transport
  • transport and employment
  • rural transport
  • evaluation

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