An event-related potential study of explicit memory on tests of cued recall and recognition

Kevin Allan, M D Rugg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The event-related potential (ERP) correlates of performance on test of word-stem cued recall and recognition memory were contrasted. ERPs elicited by stems attracting successful recall exhibited a sustained positive-going shift relative to ERPs elicited by stems completed with unstudied items. This positive shift was maximal at electrode sites on and adjacent to the midline. An equally sustained positive-going ERP modulation was observed for the recognition memory task in ERPs elicited by recognised 'old' items relative to ERPs elicited by correctly rejected 'new' items. The scalp topography of this effect shifted from a parietally distributed asymmetry favouring left hemisphere sites, to a frontally distributed effect maximal over midline and right hemisphere sites. The findings indicate that ERP correlates of explicit memory are task-dependent. The disparate ERP effects are interpreted as reflecting a common explicit retrieval mechanism which is sensitive to the nature of retrieval cues provided at test.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-397
Number of pages11
JournalNeuropsychologia
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 1997

Fingerprint

Evoked Potentials
Scalp
Cues
Electrodes
Recognition (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Cognition
  • Cues
  • Evoked Potentials
  • Humans
  • Memory
  • Mental Recall
  • Ovum
  • ERPs
  • Explicit memory
  • Cued recall
  • recognition memory

Cite this

An event-related potential study of explicit memory on tests of cued recall and recognition. / Allan, Kevin; Rugg, M D.

In: Neuropsychologia, Vol. 35, No. 4, 28.02.1997, p. 387-397.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b209fb1392444c4d8f50daf2c22734a0,
title = "An event-related potential study of explicit memory on tests of cued recall and recognition",
abstract = "The event-related potential (ERP) correlates of performance on test of word-stem cued recall and recognition memory were contrasted. ERPs elicited by stems attracting successful recall exhibited a sustained positive-going shift relative to ERPs elicited by stems completed with unstudied items. This positive shift was maximal at electrode sites on and adjacent to the midline. An equally sustained positive-going ERP modulation was observed for the recognition memory task in ERPs elicited by recognised 'old' items relative to ERPs elicited by correctly rejected 'new' items. The scalp topography of this effect shifted from a parietally distributed asymmetry favouring left hemisphere sites, to a frontally distributed effect maximal over midline and right hemisphere sites. The findings indicate that ERP correlates of explicit memory are task-dependent. The disparate ERP effects are interpreted as reflecting a common explicit retrieval mechanism which is sensitive to the nature of retrieval cues provided at test.",
keywords = "Adult, Cognition, Cues, Evoked Potentials, Humans, Memory, Mental Recall, Ovum, ERPs, Explicit memory, Cued recall, recognition memory",
author = "Kevin Allan and Rugg, {M D}",
year = "1997",
month = "2",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1016/S0028-3932(96)00094-2",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "387--397",
journal = "Neuropsychologia",
issn = "0028-3932",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An event-related potential study of explicit memory on tests of cued recall and recognition

AU - Allan, Kevin

AU - Rugg, M D

PY - 1997/2/28

Y1 - 1997/2/28

N2 - The event-related potential (ERP) correlates of performance on test of word-stem cued recall and recognition memory were contrasted. ERPs elicited by stems attracting successful recall exhibited a sustained positive-going shift relative to ERPs elicited by stems completed with unstudied items. This positive shift was maximal at electrode sites on and adjacent to the midline. An equally sustained positive-going ERP modulation was observed for the recognition memory task in ERPs elicited by recognised 'old' items relative to ERPs elicited by correctly rejected 'new' items. The scalp topography of this effect shifted from a parietally distributed asymmetry favouring left hemisphere sites, to a frontally distributed effect maximal over midline and right hemisphere sites. The findings indicate that ERP correlates of explicit memory are task-dependent. The disparate ERP effects are interpreted as reflecting a common explicit retrieval mechanism which is sensitive to the nature of retrieval cues provided at test.

AB - The event-related potential (ERP) correlates of performance on test of word-stem cued recall and recognition memory were contrasted. ERPs elicited by stems attracting successful recall exhibited a sustained positive-going shift relative to ERPs elicited by stems completed with unstudied items. This positive shift was maximal at electrode sites on and adjacent to the midline. An equally sustained positive-going ERP modulation was observed for the recognition memory task in ERPs elicited by recognised 'old' items relative to ERPs elicited by correctly rejected 'new' items. The scalp topography of this effect shifted from a parietally distributed asymmetry favouring left hemisphere sites, to a frontally distributed effect maximal over midline and right hemisphere sites. The findings indicate that ERP correlates of explicit memory are task-dependent. The disparate ERP effects are interpreted as reflecting a common explicit retrieval mechanism which is sensitive to the nature of retrieval cues provided at test.

KW - Adult

KW - Cognition

KW - Cues

KW - Evoked Potentials

KW - Humans

KW - Memory

KW - Mental Recall

KW - Ovum

KW - ERPs

KW - Explicit memory

KW - Cued recall

KW - recognition memory

U2 - 10.1016/S0028-3932(96)00094-2

DO - 10.1016/S0028-3932(96)00094-2

M3 - Article

C2 - 9106268

VL - 35

SP - 387

EP - 397

JO - Neuropsychologia

JF - Neuropsychologia

SN - 0028-3932

IS - 4

ER -