In this paper we continue the research on learning qualitative differential equation (QDE) models of biological pathways building on previous work. In particular, we adapt opt-AiNet, an immune-inspired network approach, to effectively search the qualitative model space. To improve the performance of opt-AiNet on the discrete search space, the hypermutation operator has been modified, and the affinity between two antibodies has been redefined. In addition, to accelerate the model verification process, we developed a more efficient Waltz-like inverse model checking algorithm. Finally, a Bayesian scoring function is incorporated into the fitness evaluation to better guide the search. Experimental results on learning the detoxification pathway of Methylglyoxal with various hypothesised hidden species validate the proposed approach, and indicate that our opt-AiNet based approach outperforms the previous CLONALG based approach on qualitative pathway identification.
Pang, W., & Coghill, G. M. (2014). An immune network approach to learning qualitative models of biological pathways. In 2014 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (IEEE CEC 2014) (pp. 1030-1037). IEEE Press. https://doi.org/10.1109/CEC.2014.6900393