Analysis of free-edge stress and displacement fields in scarf joints subjected to a uniform change in temperature

Z. Q. Qian*, A. R. Akisanya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)


The role of free-edge stresses in controlling the initiation of failure from the interface corner of a scarf joint subjected to a uniform change in temperature is examined. In general, the stress field can be expressed by σij = Hrλ-1 + σij0, where r is the radial distance from the interface corner, λ - 1 is the order of the stress singularity, H is the intensity of the singularity- and σij0 is a non-singular constant stress. A combination of the finite element method and a path-independent integral is used to evaluate the magnitude of H for two joint configurations: (i) a scarf joint between two long bi-material strips; and (ii) a scarf joint consisting of a thin elastic layer sandwiched between two substrates. The magnitude of H is linearly dependent on a non-dimensional constant function a; the magnitude of a decreases with increasing level of mismatch in the elastic properties of the bonded materials. A comparison between the values of H evaluated by the path-independent integral method and the commonly used extrapolation method indicate that the extrapolation method could be in error by as much as 25%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-703
Number of pages17
JournalFatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1998



  • Bonded joints
  • Failure criteria
  • FEM
  • Stress singularity
  • Thermal stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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