The role of free-edge stresses in controlling the initiation of failure from the interface corner of a scarf joint subjected to a uniform change in temperature is examined. In general, the stress field can be expressed by σij = Hrλ-1 + σij0, where r is the radial distance from the interface corner, λ - 1 is the order of the stress singularity, H is the intensity of the singularity- and σij0 is a non-singular constant stress. A combination of the finite element method and a path-independent integral is used to evaluate the magnitude of H for two joint configurations: (i) a scarf joint between two long bi-material strips; and (ii) a scarf joint consisting of a thin elastic layer sandwiched between two substrates. The magnitude of H is linearly dependent on a non-dimensional constant function a; the magnitude of a decreases with increasing level of mismatch in the elastic properties of the bonded materials. A comparison between the values of H evaluated by the path-independent integral method and the commonly used extrapolation method indicate that the extrapolation method could be in error by as much as 25%.
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1998|
- Bonded joints
- Failure criteria
- Stress singularity
- Thermal stress