Application of biological indicators to assess recovery of hydrocarbon impacted soils

Julian James Charles Dawson, E. J. Godsiffe, I. P. Thompson, T. K. Ralebitso-Senior, Kenneth Stuart Killham, Graeme Iain Paton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Remediation programmes are considered complete when human risk-based criteria are met. These targets are unrelated to the ecological parameters that may be important with regard to future soil uses. As a consequence, there has been a move towards the consideration of biological indicators for hazard assessment in conjunction with the remediation of contaminated soils. This study uses a range of biological assays to assess the ecological health of soils from a former gas works site undergoing various remediation treatments. The indicators that optimally differentiated the extent of soil remediation were biomass-C, respiration, dehydrogenase activity, earthworm toxicity and mustard seed germination. Although they had different end-points, once robust and sensitive biological indicators were incorporated into a quantitative soil quality index, they gave a clearer representation of ecological health than chemical data alone by their integration of contamination effects at a number of trophic levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-177
Number of pages14
JournalSoil Biology and Biochemistry
Volume39
Issue number1
Early online date14 Aug 2006
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007

Keywords

  • hydrocarbons
  • biological indicators
  • remediation
  • soil quality index
  • polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons
  • direct extraction method
  • microbial biomass-C
  • contaminated soil
  • heavy-metals
  • biochemical-properties
  • ecotoxicity assessment
  • catabolic diversity
  • forest soils
  • diesel fuel

Cite this

Dawson, J. J. C., Godsiffe, E. J., Thompson, I. P., Ralebitso-Senior, T. K., Killham, K. S., & Paton, G. I. (2007). Application of biological indicators to assess recovery of hydrocarbon impacted soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 39(1), 164-177. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2006.06.020

Application of biological indicators to assess recovery of hydrocarbon impacted soils. / Dawson, Julian James Charles; Godsiffe, E. J.; Thompson, I. P.; Ralebitso-Senior, T. K.; Killham, Kenneth Stuart; Paton, Graeme Iain.

In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol. 39, No. 1, 01.2007, p. 164-177.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dawson, JJC, Godsiffe, EJ, Thompson, IP, Ralebitso-Senior, TK, Killham, KS & Paton, GI 2007, 'Application of biological indicators to assess recovery of hydrocarbon impacted soils' Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 164-177. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2006.06.020
Dawson, Julian James Charles ; Godsiffe, E. J. ; Thompson, I. P. ; Ralebitso-Senior, T. K. ; Killham, Kenneth Stuart ; Paton, Graeme Iain. / Application of biological indicators to assess recovery of hydrocarbon impacted soils. In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 2007 ; Vol. 39, No. 1. pp. 164-177.
@article{e67fb03923d94f8bbb7bb8d22acf1d86,
title = "Application of biological indicators to assess recovery of hydrocarbon impacted soils",
abstract = "Remediation programmes are considered complete when human risk-based criteria are met. These targets are unrelated to the ecological parameters that may be important with regard to future soil uses. As a consequence, there has been a move towards the consideration of biological indicators for hazard assessment in conjunction with the remediation of contaminated soils. This study uses a range of biological assays to assess the ecological health of soils from a former gas works site undergoing various remediation treatments. The indicators that optimally differentiated the extent of soil remediation were biomass-C, respiration, dehydrogenase activity, earthworm toxicity and mustard seed germination. Although they had different end-points, once robust and sensitive biological indicators were incorporated into a quantitative soil quality index, they gave a clearer representation of ecological health than chemical data alone by their integration of contamination effects at a number of trophic levels.",
keywords = "hydrocarbons, biological indicators, remediation, soil quality index, polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons, direct extraction method, microbial biomass-C, contaminated soil, heavy-metals, biochemical-properties, ecotoxicity assessment, catabolic diversity, forest soils, diesel fuel",
author = "Dawson, {Julian James Charles} and Godsiffe, {E. J.} and Thompson, {I. P.} and Ralebitso-Senior, {T. K.} and Killham, {Kenneth Stuart} and Paton, {Graeme Iain}",
year = "2007",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2006.06.020",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "164--177",
journal = "Soil Biology and Biochemistry",
issn = "0038-0717",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Application of biological indicators to assess recovery of hydrocarbon impacted soils

AU - Dawson, Julian James Charles

AU - Godsiffe, E. J.

AU - Thompson, I. P.

AU - Ralebitso-Senior, T. K.

AU - Killham, Kenneth Stuart

AU - Paton, Graeme Iain

PY - 2007/1

Y1 - 2007/1

N2 - Remediation programmes are considered complete when human risk-based criteria are met. These targets are unrelated to the ecological parameters that may be important with regard to future soil uses. As a consequence, there has been a move towards the consideration of biological indicators for hazard assessment in conjunction with the remediation of contaminated soils. This study uses a range of biological assays to assess the ecological health of soils from a former gas works site undergoing various remediation treatments. The indicators that optimally differentiated the extent of soil remediation were biomass-C, respiration, dehydrogenase activity, earthworm toxicity and mustard seed germination. Although they had different end-points, once robust and sensitive biological indicators were incorporated into a quantitative soil quality index, they gave a clearer representation of ecological health than chemical data alone by their integration of contamination effects at a number of trophic levels.

AB - Remediation programmes are considered complete when human risk-based criteria are met. These targets are unrelated to the ecological parameters that may be important with regard to future soil uses. As a consequence, there has been a move towards the consideration of biological indicators for hazard assessment in conjunction with the remediation of contaminated soils. This study uses a range of biological assays to assess the ecological health of soils from a former gas works site undergoing various remediation treatments. The indicators that optimally differentiated the extent of soil remediation were biomass-C, respiration, dehydrogenase activity, earthworm toxicity and mustard seed germination. Although they had different end-points, once robust and sensitive biological indicators were incorporated into a quantitative soil quality index, they gave a clearer representation of ecological health than chemical data alone by their integration of contamination effects at a number of trophic levels.

KW - hydrocarbons

KW - biological indicators

KW - remediation

KW - soil quality index

KW - polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons

KW - direct extraction method

KW - microbial biomass-C

KW - contaminated soil

KW - heavy-metals

KW - biochemical-properties

KW - ecotoxicity assessment

KW - catabolic diversity

KW - forest soils

KW - diesel fuel

U2 - 10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2006.06.020

DO - 10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2006.06.020

M3 - Article

VL - 39

SP - 164

EP - 177

JO - Soil Biology and Biochemistry

JF - Soil Biology and Biochemistry

SN - 0038-0717

IS - 1

ER -