Approaches to understanding the ecology and evolution of understudied terrestrial archaeal ammonia-oxidisers

Cecile Gubry-Rangin (Corresponding Author), William Williams, James I Prosser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ammonia oxidising archaea (AOA) form a phylogenetic group within the phylum Thaumarchaeota and are of ecological significance due to their role in nitrification, an important biogeochemical process. Previous research has provided information on their ecosystem role and potential physiological characteristics, for example, through analyses of their environmental distribution, ecological adaptation and evolutionary history. However, most AOA diversity, assessed using several environmental marker genes, is not represented in laboratory cultures, with consequent gaps in knowledge of their physiology and evolution. This article critically reviews existing and developing approaches for the assessment of AOA function and diversity and their potential to provide a deeper understanding of these ecologically important, but understudied microorganisms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-328
Number of pages10
JournalEmerging Topics in Life Sciences
Volume2
Issue number4
Early online date22 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

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ammonia
ecology
physiology
nitrification
microorganism
phylogenetics
gene
ecosystem
history
distribution
ecological adaptation
marker
laboratory

Keywords

  • soil
  • nitrification
  • pH
  • ammonia
  • microcosm
  • culture
  • genome
  • amoA gene
  • phylogeny

Cite this

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abstract = "Ammonia oxidising archaea (AOA) form a phylogenetic group within the phylum Thaumarchaeota and are of ecological significance due to their role in nitrification, an important biogeochemical process. Previous research has provided information on their ecosystem role and potential physiological characteristics, for example, through analyses of their environmental distribution, ecological adaptation and evolutionary history. However, most AOA diversity, assessed using several environmental marker genes, is not represented in laboratory cultures, with consequent gaps in knowledge of their physiology and evolution. This article critically reviews existing and developing approaches for the assessment of AOA function and diversity and their potential to provide a deeper understanding of these ecologically important, but understudied microorganisms.",
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T1 - Approaches to understanding the ecology and evolution of understudied terrestrial archaeal ammonia-oxidisers

AU - Gubry-Rangin, Cecile

AU - Williams, William

AU - Prosser, James I

N1 - Funded by The Royal Society

PY - 2018/12

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N2 - Ammonia oxidising archaea (AOA) form a phylogenetic group within the phylum Thaumarchaeota and are of ecological significance due to their role in nitrification, an important biogeochemical process. Previous research has provided information on their ecosystem role and potential physiological characteristics, for example, through analyses of their environmental distribution, ecological adaptation and evolutionary history. However, most AOA diversity, assessed using several environmental marker genes, is not represented in laboratory cultures, with consequent gaps in knowledge of their physiology and evolution. This article critically reviews existing and developing approaches for the assessment of AOA function and diversity and their potential to provide a deeper understanding of these ecologically important, but understudied microorganisms.

AB - Ammonia oxidising archaea (AOA) form a phylogenetic group within the phylum Thaumarchaeota and are of ecological significance due to their role in nitrification, an important biogeochemical process. Previous research has provided information on their ecosystem role and potential physiological characteristics, for example, through analyses of their environmental distribution, ecological adaptation and evolutionary history. However, most AOA diversity, assessed using several environmental marker genes, is not represented in laboratory cultures, with consequent gaps in knowledge of their physiology and evolution. This article critically reviews existing and developing approaches for the assessment of AOA function and diversity and their potential to provide a deeper understanding of these ecologically important, but understudied microorganisms.

KW - soil

KW - nitrification

KW - pH

KW - ammonia

KW - microcosm

KW - culture

KW - genome

KW - amoA gene

KW - phylogeny

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M3 - Article

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EP - 328

JO - Emerging Topics in Life Sciences

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