Archaeorhizomycetes: Unearthing an Ancient Class of Ubiquitous Soil Fungi

Anna Rosling, Filipa Cox, Karelyn Cruz-Martinez, Katarina Ihrmark, Gwen-Aelle Grelet, Bjorn D. Lindahl, Audrius Menkis, Timothy Y. James

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

141 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Estimates suggest that only one-tenth of the true fungal diversity has been described. Among numerous fungal lineages known only from environmental DNA sequences, Soil Clone Group 1 is the most ubiquitous. These globally distributed fungi may dominate below-ground fungal communities, but their placement in the fungal tree of life has been uncertain. Here, we report cultures of this group and describe the class, Archaeorhizomycetes, phylogenetically placed within subphylum Taphrinomycotina in the Ascomycota. Archaeorhizomycetes comprises hundreds of cryptically reproducing filamentous species that do not form recognizable mycorrhizal structures and have saprotrophic potential, yet are omnipresent in roots and rhizosphere soil and show ecosystem and host root habitat specificity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)876-879
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume333
Issue number6044
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Aug 2011

Cite this

Rosling, A., Cox, F., Cruz-Martinez, K., Ihrmark, K., Grelet, G-A., Lindahl, B. D., ... James, T. Y. (2011). Archaeorhizomycetes: Unearthing an Ancient Class of Ubiquitous Soil Fungi. Science, 333(6044), 876-879. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1206958