Arctic Petroleum and the 2°C Goal: A Case for Accountability for Fossil-Fuel Supply

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The Arctic is both a place disproportionately affected by climate change and a place that has been, and continues to be, subject to large-scale oil-and-gas development. Production and subsequent combustion of these resources would compromise the treaty-established target of keeping global warming ‘well below’ 2°C. The global regulatory efforts on climate change are centred on greenhouse gas emissions from fossil-fuel consumption, almost ignoring the supply side. In the absence of universal and strict emission-reduction targets, petroleum exports and carbon leakage jeopardize the effectiveness of the climate change regime. Through the examination of treaties and national practice, this paper argues for the establishment of accountability for the production of Arctic petroleum in light of climate change.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-307
Number of pages26
JournalClimate Law
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 18 Nov 2020


  • Russia
  • Arctic
  • governance
  • north
  • sanctions
  • oil and gas
  • fossil fuels
  • supply side
  • Arctic Ocean
  • Arctic petroleum production
  • Arctic governance
  • international environmental law
  • Greenpeace v. Norway case
  • Environmental impact assessment
  • International environmental law
  • Greenpeace v. Norway case (People v. Arctic Oil case, Norwegian Court of Appeal, 2020)
  • Fossil fuels
  • Supply side


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