Areas for improvement in community optometry

flashes and floaters take priority

Eilidh M. Duncan, Heather Cassie, Janet Pooley, Paula Elouafakoui, Maria Prior, Elizabeth Gibb, Craig Ramsay, Linda Young, TRiaDS Research Methodology Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Purpose

A common response to rising demand for healthcare is to extend the role of health professionals and the range of their service provision. Community optometry in Scotland is a recent example of this. Within this context of innovation and change are challenges to ensuring quality in optometry practice. The purpose of this research is to establish what the priorities are for practice improvement within community optometry and to start a programme to inform strategies to improve practice.

Methods

A four stage study was conducted; (1) a service-driven topic prioritisation exercise to identify priorities for optometry practice improvement, (2) a review of national and international guidance and UK protocols relating to the identified priority topic, (3) a national theory-based survey identifying current practice and the barriers and facilitators to the target behaviour, and (4) the identification of theory-based intervention options to improve practice. The Behaviour Change Wheel approach to behaviour change intervention development and Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) provided the underlying theoretical framework.

Results

Stakeholders identified ‘patients presenting with flashes and floaters’ as an important priority for practice improvement. The decision about whether or not to refer patients on to secondary care for further examination is the target behaviour. Guidance for optometrists on this topic is lacking. Six TDF domains were related to the decision about whether or not to refer patients with flashes and floaters to secondary care – ‘social influences’, ‘emotion’, ‘beliefs about capabilities’, ‘beliefs about consequences’, ‘behavioural regulation’ and ‘reinforcement’.

Conclusions

This study has examined current practice in relation to the management of patients with flashes and floaters, identified the most salient targets for future strategies to improve optometry practice and highlighted what form these strategies may take. It demonstrates the use of a flexible theory-informed approach which can be used to engage with stakeholders and professionals to inform the design and development of efforts to improve practice in a variety of healthcare settings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-421
Number of pages11
JournalOphthalmic and Physiological Optics
Volume38
Issue number4
Early online date19 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018

Fingerprint

Optometry
Secondary Care
Delivery of Health Care
Professional Role
Scotland
Practice (Psychology)
Emotions
Exercise
Health
Research

Keywords

  • optometrists
  • practice improvement
  • primary care
  • flashes
  • floaters
  • referral

Cite this

Duncan, E. M., Cassie, H., Pooley, J., Elouafakoui, P., Prior, M., Gibb, E., ... TRiaDS Research Methodology Group (2018). Areas for improvement in community optometry: flashes and floaters take priority. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 38(4), 411-421. https://doi.org/10.1111/opo.12564

Areas for improvement in community optometry : flashes and floaters take priority. / Duncan, Eilidh M.; Cassie, Heather; Pooley, Janet; Elouafakoui, Paula; Prior, Maria; Gibb, Elizabeth; Ramsay, Craig; Young, Linda; TRiaDS Research Methodology Group.

In: Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, Vol. 38, No. 4, 07.2018, p. 411-421.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Duncan, EM, Cassie, H, Pooley, J, Elouafakoui, P, Prior, M, Gibb, E, Ramsay, C, Young, L & TRiaDS Research Methodology Group 2018, 'Areas for improvement in community optometry: flashes and floaters take priority', Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 411-421. https://doi.org/10.1111/opo.12564
Duncan, Eilidh M. ; Cassie, Heather ; Pooley, Janet ; Elouafakoui, Paula ; Prior, Maria ; Gibb, Elizabeth ; Ramsay, Craig ; Young, Linda ; TRiaDS Research Methodology Group. / Areas for improvement in community optometry : flashes and floaters take priority. In: Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics. 2018 ; Vol. 38, No. 4. pp. 411-421.
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abstract = "PurposeA common response to rising demand for healthcare is to extend the role of health professionals and the range of their service provision. Community optometry in Scotland is a recent example of this. Within this context of innovation and change are challenges to ensuring quality in optometry practice. The purpose of this research is to establish what the priorities are for practice improvement within community optometry and to start a programme to inform strategies to improve practice.MethodsA four stage study was conducted; (1) a service-driven topic prioritisation exercise to identify priorities for optometry practice improvement, (2) a review of national and international guidance and UK protocols relating to the identified priority topic, (3) a national theory-based survey identifying current practice and the barriers and facilitators to the target behaviour, and (4) the identification of theory-based intervention options to improve practice. The Behaviour Change Wheel approach to behaviour change intervention development and Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) provided the underlying theoretical framework.ResultsStakeholders identified ‘patients presenting with flashes and floaters’ as an important priority for practice improvement. The decision about whether or not to refer patients on to secondary care for further examination is the target behaviour. Guidance for optometrists on this topic is lacking. Six TDF domains were related to the decision about whether or not to refer patients with flashes and floaters to secondary care – ‘social influences’, ‘emotion’, ‘beliefs about capabilities’, ‘beliefs about consequences’, ‘behavioural regulation’ and ‘reinforcement’.ConclusionsThis study has examined current practice in relation to the management of patients with flashes and floaters, identified the most salient targets for future strategies to improve optometry practice and highlighted what form these strategies may take. It demonstrates the use of a flexible theory-informed approach which can be used to engage with stakeholders and professionals to inform the design and development of efforts to improve practice in a variety of healthcare settings.",
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note = "The TRiaDS in Optometry study is funded by NHS Education for Scotland. This study was conducted as part of the TRiaDS programme of research. We would like to thank Rumana Newlands, Lesley Rousselet, Patricia Graham, Cynthia Fraser, the TRiaDS administrative team, Optometry Scotland and all participating optometrists.",
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