Assessing Communities of Practice in health policy

A conceptual framework as a first step towards empirical research

Maria Paola Bertone, Bruno Meessen, Guy Clarysse, David Hercot, Allison Kelley, Yamba Kafando, Isabelle Lange, Jerome Pfaffmann, Valery Ridde, Isidore Sieleunou, Sophie Witter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Communities of Practice (CoPs) are groups of people that interact regularly to deepen their knowledge on a specific topic. Thanks to information and communication technologies, CoPs can involve experts distributed across countries and adopt a ‘transnational’ membership. This has allowed the strategy to be applied to domains of knowledge such as health policy with a global perspective. CoPs represent a potentially valuable tool for producing and sharing explicit knowledge, as well as tacit knowledge and implementation practices. They may also be effective in creating links among the different ‘knowledge holders’ contributing to health policy (e.g., researchers, policymakers, technical assistants, practitioners, etc.).

CoPs in global health are growing in number and activities. As a result, there is an increasing need to document their progress and evaluate their effectiveness. This paper represents a first step towards such empirical research as it aims to provide a conceptual framework for the analysis and assessment of transnational CoPs in health policy.

The framework is developed based on the findings of a literature review as well as on our experience, and reflects the specific features and challenges of transnational CoPs in health policy. It organizes the key elements of CoPs into a logical flow that links available resources and the capacity to mobilize them, with knowledge management activities and the expansion of knowledge, with changes in policy and practice and, ultimately, with an improvement in health outcomes. Additionally, the paper addresses the challenges in the operationalization and empirical application of the framework.
Original languageEnglish
Article number39
JournalHealth Research Policy and Systems
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2013

Fingerprint

Empirical Research
Health Policy
Knowledge Management
Research Personnel
Technology
Health

Keywords

  • communities of practice
  • evaluation
  • health policy
  • knowledge management
  • knowledge translation

Cite this

Assessing Communities of Practice in health policy : A conceptual framework as a first step towards empirical research. / Bertone, Maria Paola; Meessen, Bruno; Clarysse, Guy; Hercot, David; Kelley, Allison; Kafando, Yamba; Lange, Isabelle; Pfaffmann, Jerome; Ridde, Valery; Sieleunou, Isidore; Witter, Sophie.

In: Health Research Policy and Systems, Vol. 11, 39, 20.10.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bertone, MP, Meessen, B, Clarysse, G, Hercot, D, Kelley, A, Kafando, Y, Lange, I, Pfaffmann, J, Ridde, V, Sieleunou, I & Witter, S 2013, 'Assessing Communities of Practice in health policy: A conceptual framework as a first step towards empirical research', Health Research Policy and Systems, vol. 11, 39. https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-4505-11-39
Bertone, Maria Paola ; Meessen, Bruno ; Clarysse, Guy ; Hercot, David ; Kelley, Allison ; Kafando, Yamba ; Lange, Isabelle ; Pfaffmann, Jerome ; Ridde, Valery ; Sieleunou, Isidore ; Witter, Sophie. / Assessing Communities of Practice in health policy : A conceptual framework as a first step towards empirical research. In: Health Research Policy and Systems. 2013 ; Vol. 11.
@article{26cd5d7d33614890850d5338b7c0e246,
title = "Assessing Communities of Practice in health policy: A conceptual framework as a first step towards empirical research",
abstract = "Communities of Practice (CoPs) are groups of people that interact regularly to deepen their knowledge on a specific topic. Thanks to information and communication technologies, CoPs can involve experts distributed across countries and adopt a ‘transnational’ membership. This has allowed the strategy to be applied to domains of knowledge such as health policy with a global perspective. CoPs represent a potentially valuable tool for producing and sharing explicit knowledge, as well as tacit knowledge and implementation practices. They may also be effective in creating links among the different ‘knowledge holders’ contributing to health policy (e.g., researchers, policymakers, technical assistants, practitioners, etc.).CoPs in global health are growing in number and activities. As a result, there is an increasing need to document their progress and evaluate their effectiveness. This paper represents a first step towards such empirical research as it aims to provide a conceptual framework for the analysis and assessment of transnational CoPs in health policy.The framework is developed based on the findings of a literature review as well as on our experience, and reflects the specific features and challenges of transnational CoPs in health policy. It organizes the key elements of CoPs into a logical flow that links available resources and the capacity to mobilize them, with knowledge management activities and the expansion of knowledge, with changes in policy and practice and, ultimately, with an improvement in health outcomes. Additionally, the paper addresses the challenges in the operationalization and empirical application of the framework.",
keywords = "communities of practice, evaluation, health policy, knowledge management, knowledge translation",
author = "Bertone, {Maria Paola} and Bruno Meessen and Guy Clarysse and David Hercot and Allison Kelley and Yamba Kafando and Isabelle Lange and Jerome Pfaffmann and Valery Ridde and Isidore Sieleunou and Sophie Witter",
year = "2013",
month = "10",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1186/1478-4505-11-39",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Health Research Policy and Systems",
issn = "1478-4505",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing Communities of Practice in health policy

T2 - A conceptual framework as a first step towards empirical research

AU - Bertone, Maria Paola

AU - Meessen, Bruno

AU - Clarysse, Guy

AU - Hercot, David

AU - Kelley, Allison

AU - Kafando, Yamba

AU - Lange, Isabelle

AU - Pfaffmann, Jerome

AU - Ridde, Valery

AU - Sieleunou, Isidore

AU - Witter, Sophie

PY - 2013/10/20

Y1 - 2013/10/20

N2 - Communities of Practice (CoPs) are groups of people that interact regularly to deepen their knowledge on a specific topic. Thanks to information and communication technologies, CoPs can involve experts distributed across countries and adopt a ‘transnational’ membership. This has allowed the strategy to be applied to domains of knowledge such as health policy with a global perspective. CoPs represent a potentially valuable tool for producing and sharing explicit knowledge, as well as tacit knowledge and implementation practices. They may also be effective in creating links among the different ‘knowledge holders’ contributing to health policy (e.g., researchers, policymakers, technical assistants, practitioners, etc.).CoPs in global health are growing in number and activities. As a result, there is an increasing need to document their progress and evaluate their effectiveness. This paper represents a first step towards such empirical research as it aims to provide a conceptual framework for the analysis and assessment of transnational CoPs in health policy.The framework is developed based on the findings of a literature review as well as on our experience, and reflects the specific features and challenges of transnational CoPs in health policy. It organizes the key elements of CoPs into a logical flow that links available resources and the capacity to mobilize them, with knowledge management activities and the expansion of knowledge, with changes in policy and practice and, ultimately, with an improvement in health outcomes. Additionally, the paper addresses the challenges in the operationalization and empirical application of the framework.

AB - Communities of Practice (CoPs) are groups of people that interact regularly to deepen their knowledge on a specific topic. Thanks to information and communication technologies, CoPs can involve experts distributed across countries and adopt a ‘transnational’ membership. This has allowed the strategy to be applied to domains of knowledge such as health policy with a global perspective. CoPs represent a potentially valuable tool for producing and sharing explicit knowledge, as well as tacit knowledge and implementation practices. They may also be effective in creating links among the different ‘knowledge holders’ contributing to health policy (e.g., researchers, policymakers, technical assistants, practitioners, etc.).CoPs in global health are growing in number and activities. As a result, there is an increasing need to document their progress and evaluate their effectiveness. This paper represents a first step towards such empirical research as it aims to provide a conceptual framework for the analysis and assessment of transnational CoPs in health policy.The framework is developed based on the findings of a literature review as well as on our experience, and reflects the specific features and challenges of transnational CoPs in health policy. It organizes the key elements of CoPs into a logical flow that links available resources and the capacity to mobilize them, with knowledge management activities and the expansion of knowledge, with changes in policy and practice and, ultimately, with an improvement in health outcomes. Additionally, the paper addresses the challenges in the operationalization and empirical application of the framework.

KW - communities of practice

KW - evaluation

KW - health policy

KW - knowledge management

KW - knowledge translation

U2 - 10.1186/1478-4505-11-39

DO - 10.1186/1478-4505-11-39

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - Health Research Policy and Systems

JF - Health Research Policy and Systems

SN - 1478-4505

M1 - 39

ER -