Assessing Communities of Practice in health policy: A conceptual framework as a first step towards empirical research

Maria Paola Bertone, Bruno Meessen, Guy Clarysse, David Hercot, Allison Kelley, Yamba Kafando, Isabelle Lange, Jerome Pfaffmann, Valery Ridde, Isidore Sieleunou, Sophie Witter

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Abstract

Communities of Practice (CoPs) are groups of people that interact regularly to deepen their knowledge on a specific topic. Thanks to information and communication technologies, CoPs can involve experts distributed across countries and adopt a ‘transnational’ membership. This has allowed the strategy to be applied to domains of knowledge such as health policy with a global perspective. CoPs represent a potentially valuable tool for producing and sharing explicit knowledge, as well as tacit knowledge and implementation practices. They may also be effective in creating links among the different ‘knowledge holders’ contributing to health policy (e.g., researchers, policymakers, technical assistants, practitioners, etc.).

CoPs in global health are growing in number and activities. As a result, there is an increasing need to document their progress and evaluate their effectiveness. This paper represents a first step towards such empirical research as it aims to provide a conceptual framework for the analysis and assessment of transnational CoPs in health policy.

The framework is developed based on the findings of a literature review as well as on our experience, and reflects the specific features and challenges of transnational CoPs in health policy. It organizes the key elements of CoPs into a logical flow that links available resources and the capacity to mobilize them, with knowledge management activities and the expansion of knowledge, with changes in policy and practice and, ultimately, with an improvement in health outcomes. Additionally, the paper addresses the challenges in the operationalization and empirical application of the framework.
Original languageEnglish
Article number39
JournalHealth Research Policy and Systems
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2013

Keywords

  • communities of practice
  • evaluation
  • health policy
  • knowledge management
  • knowledge translation

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    Bertone, M. P., Meessen, B., Clarysse, G., Hercot, D., Kelley, A., Kafando, Y., Lange, I., Pfaffmann, J., Ridde, V., Sieleunou, I., & Witter, S. (2013). Assessing Communities of Practice in health policy: A conceptual framework as a first step towards empirical research. Health Research Policy and Systems, 11, [39]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-4505-11-39