Associations between childhood intelligence and hospital admissions for unintentional injuries in adulthood

The Aberdeen Children of the 1950s study

Debbie A. Lawlor, Heather Clark, David A. Leon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. We examined associations between childhood intelligence and hospital admissions for injuries in adulthood.

Methods. Data were derived from a cohort study (= 11 103) involving individuals born in Aberdeen, Scotland, between 1950 and 1956.

Results. Overall, 1043 cohort members had at least 1 hospital admission resulting from an unintentional injury over 231152 person-years of risk. There were inverse linear associations between childhood intelligence assessed at the ages of 7, 9, and 11 years and having had a hospital admission stemming from an unintentional injury (gender-adjusted hazard ratio [HR] for a 1-standard-deviation increase in intelligence test score at age 7 years = 0.75; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.70, 0.80). These associations were not markedly affected by adjustment for childhood socioeconomic status, maternal age or height, birthweight, or childhood growth. However, they were attenuated after adjustment for educational attainment (HR = 0.85; 95% CI = 0.78, 0.91).

Conclusions. Childhood intelligence is related to hospital admissions for injuries in adulthood, and this relationship is partly explained by educational attainment. The association between childhood intelligence and injury may contribute to the association between childhood intelligence and premature mortality demonstrated in several studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-297
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume97
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007

Keywords

  • early-life
  • mortality
  • health
  • IQ

Cite this

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title = "Associations between childhood intelligence and hospital admissions for unintentional injuries in adulthood: The Aberdeen Children of the 1950s study",
abstract = "Objectives. We examined associations between childhood intelligence and hospital admissions for injuries in adulthood.Methods. Data were derived from a cohort study (= 11 103) involving individuals born in Aberdeen, Scotland, between 1950 and 1956.Results. Overall, 1043 cohort members had at least 1 hospital admission resulting from an unintentional injury over 231152 person-years of risk. There were inverse linear associations between childhood intelligence assessed at the ages of 7, 9, and 11 years and having had a hospital admission stemming from an unintentional injury (gender-adjusted hazard ratio [HR] for a 1-standard-deviation increase in intelligence test score at age 7 years = 0.75; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI] = 0.70, 0.80). These associations were not markedly affected by adjustment for childhood socioeconomic status, maternal age or height, birthweight, or childhood growth. However, they were attenuated after adjustment for educational attainment (HR = 0.85; 95{\%} CI = 0.78, 0.91).Conclusions. Childhood intelligence is related to hospital admissions for injuries in adulthood, and this relationship is partly explained by educational attainment. The association between childhood intelligence and injury may contribute to the association between childhood intelligence and premature mortality demonstrated in several studies.",
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T1 - Associations between childhood intelligence and hospital admissions for unintentional injuries in adulthood

T2 - The Aberdeen Children of the 1950s study

AU - Lawlor, Debbie A.

AU - Clark, Heather

AU - Leon, David A.

PY - 2007/2

Y1 - 2007/2

N2 - Objectives. We examined associations between childhood intelligence and hospital admissions for injuries in adulthood.Methods. Data were derived from a cohort study (= 11 103) involving individuals born in Aberdeen, Scotland, between 1950 and 1956.Results. Overall, 1043 cohort members had at least 1 hospital admission resulting from an unintentional injury over 231152 person-years of risk. There were inverse linear associations between childhood intelligence assessed at the ages of 7, 9, and 11 years and having had a hospital admission stemming from an unintentional injury (gender-adjusted hazard ratio [HR] for a 1-standard-deviation increase in intelligence test score at age 7 years = 0.75; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.70, 0.80). These associations were not markedly affected by adjustment for childhood socioeconomic status, maternal age or height, birthweight, or childhood growth. However, they were attenuated after adjustment for educational attainment (HR = 0.85; 95% CI = 0.78, 0.91).Conclusions. Childhood intelligence is related to hospital admissions for injuries in adulthood, and this relationship is partly explained by educational attainment. The association between childhood intelligence and injury may contribute to the association between childhood intelligence and premature mortality demonstrated in several studies.

AB - Objectives. We examined associations between childhood intelligence and hospital admissions for injuries in adulthood.Methods. Data were derived from a cohort study (= 11 103) involving individuals born in Aberdeen, Scotland, between 1950 and 1956.Results. Overall, 1043 cohort members had at least 1 hospital admission resulting from an unintentional injury over 231152 person-years of risk. There were inverse linear associations between childhood intelligence assessed at the ages of 7, 9, and 11 years and having had a hospital admission stemming from an unintentional injury (gender-adjusted hazard ratio [HR] for a 1-standard-deviation increase in intelligence test score at age 7 years = 0.75; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.70, 0.80). These associations were not markedly affected by adjustment for childhood socioeconomic status, maternal age or height, birthweight, or childhood growth. However, they were attenuated after adjustment for educational attainment (HR = 0.85; 95% CI = 0.78, 0.91).Conclusions. Childhood intelligence is related to hospital admissions for injuries in adulthood, and this relationship is partly explained by educational attainment. The association between childhood intelligence and injury may contribute to the association between childhood intelligence and premature mortality demonstrated in several studies.

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KW - mortality

KW - health

KW - IQ

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