Associations of perceived neighborhood environment on health status outcomes in persons with arthritis

Kathryn Remmes Martin, Jack Shreffler, Britta Schoster, Leigh F Callahan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between 4 aspects of perceived neighborhood environment (aesthetics, walkability, safety, and social cohesion) and health status outcomes in a cohort of North Carolinians with self-reported arthritis after adjustment for individual and neighborhood socioeconomic status covariates.

METHODS: In a telephone survey, 696 participants self-reported ≥1 types of arthritis or rheumatic conditions. Outcomes measured were physical and mental functioning (Short Form 12 health survey version 2 physical component and mental component summary [MCS]), functional disability (Health Assessment Questionnaire), and depressive symptomatology (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale scores <16 versus ≥16). Multivariate regression and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted using Stata, version 11.

RESULTS: Results from separate adjusted models indicated that measures of associations for perceived neighborhood characteristics were statistically significant (P ≤ 0.001 to P = 0.017) for each health status outcome (except walkability and MCS) after adjusting for covariates. Final adjusted models included all 4 perceived neighborhood characteristics simultaneously. A 1-point increase in perceiving worse neighborhood aesthetics predicted lower mental health (B = -1.81, P = 0.034). Individuals had increased odds of depressive symptoms if they perceived lower neighborhood safety (odds ratio [OR] 1.36, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.04-1.78; P = 0.023) and lower neighborhood social cohesion (OR 1.42, 95% CI 1.03-1.96; P = 0.030).

CONCLUSION: Study findings indicate that an individual's perception of neighborhood environment characteristics, especially aesthetics, safety, and social cohesion, is predictive of health outcomes among adults with self-reported arthritis, even after adjusting for key variables. Future studies interested in examining the role that community characteristics play on disability and mental health in individuals with arthritis might consider further examination of perceived neighborhood environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1602-1611
Number of pages10
JournalArthritis Care & Research
Volume62
Issue number11
Early online date2 Jun 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

Keywords

  • aged
  • arthritis, rheumatoid
  • cohort studies
  • female
  • follow-up studies
  • health status
  • humans
  • interviews as topic
  • male
  • middle aged
  • residence characteristics
  • social environment
  • social perception
  • treatment outcome

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