Availability and dose response of phytophenols from a wheat bran-rich cereal product in healthy human volunteers

Madalina Neacsu, Jolene McMonagle, Reg J. Fletcher, Toine Hulshof, Sylvia H Duncan, Lorraine Scobbie, Gary J. Duncan, Louise Cantlay, Graham Horgan, Baukje De Roos, Garry G. Duthie, Wendy R. Russell

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Abstract

Scope: Phytophenols present in cereals are metabolised to compounds that could be partlyresponsible for the reduced risk of chronic diseases and all-cause mortality associated withfibre-rich diets. The bioavailability, form and in vivo concentrations of these metabolitesrequires to be established.

Materials/Methods: Eight healthy volunteers consumed a test meal containing a recommended dose (40 g) and high dose (120 g) of ready-to-eat wheat bran cereal and thesystemic and colonic metabolites determined quantitatively by LC-MS.

Conclusion: Analysis of the systemic metabolomes demonstrated that a wide range ofphytophenols were absorbed/excreted (43 metabolites) within five hours of consumption.These included 16 of the 21 major parent compounds identified in the intervention productand several of these were also found to be significantly increased in the colon. Not all of themetabolites were increased with the higher dose, suggesting some limitation in absorptiondue to intrinsic factors and/or the food matrix. Many compounds identified (e.g. ferulic acidand major metabolites) exhibit anti-inflammatory activity and impact on redox pathways. Thecombination of postprandial absorption and delivery to the colon, as well as hepatic recyclingof the metabolites at these concentrations is likely to be beneficial to both systemic and guthealth.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1600202
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalMolecular Nutrition & Food Research
Volume61
Issue number3
Early online date25 Jan 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

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grain products
Dietary Fiber
wheat bran
dose response
volunteers
Healthy Volunteers
Colon
metabolites
Intrinsic Factor
Metabolome
Biological Availability
Oxidation-Reduction
colon
Meals
Chronic Disease
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
dosage
Diet
Food
metabolome

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Availability and dose response of phytophenols from a wheat bran-rich cereal product in healthy human volunteers. / Neacsu, Madalina; McMonagle, Jolene; Fletcher, Reg J.; Hulshof, Toine; Duncan, Sylvia H; Scobbie, Lorraine; Duncan, Gary J.; Cantlay, Louise; Horgan, Graham; De Roos, Baukje; Duthie, Garry G.; Russell, Wendy R.

In: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, Vol. 61, No. 3, 1600202, 01.03.2017, p. 1-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Scope: Phytophenols present in cereals are metabolised to compounds that could be partlyresponsible for the reduced risk of chronic diseases and all-cause mortality associated withfibre-rich diets. The bioavailability, form and in vivo concentrations of these metabolitesrequires to be established.Materials/Methods: Eight healthy volunteers consumed a test meal containing a recommended dose (40 g) and high dose (120 g) of ready-to-eat wheat bran cereal and thesystemic and colonic metabolites determined quantitatively by LC-MS.Conclusion: Analysis of the systemic metabolomes demonstrated that a wide range ofphytophenols were absorbed/excreted (43 metabolites) within five hours of consumption.These included 16 of the 21 major parent compounds identified in the intervention productand several of these were also found to be significantly increased in the colon. Not all of themetabolites were increased with the higher dose, suggesting some limitation in absorptiondue to intrinsic factors and/or the food matrix. Many compounds identified (e.g. ferulic acidand major metabolites) exhibit anti-inflammatory activity and impact on redox pathways. Thecombination of postprandial absorption and delivery to the colon, as well as hepatic recyclingof the metabolites at these concentrations is likely to be beneficial to both systemic and guthealth.",
author = "Madalina Neacsu and Jolene McMonagle and Fletcher, {Reg J.} and Toine Hulshof and Duncan, {Sylvia H} and Lorraine Scobbie and Duncan, {Gary J.} and Louise Cantlay and Graham Horgan and {De Roos}, Baukje and Duthie, {Garry G.} and Russell, {Wendy R.}",
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AU - Neacsu, Madalina

AU - McMonagle, Jolene

AU - Fletcher, Reg J.

AU - Hulshof, Toine

AU - Duncan, Sylvia H

AU - Scobbie, Lorraine

AU - Duncan, Gary J.

AU - Cantlay, Louise

AU - Horgan, Graham

AU - De Roos, Baukje

AU - Duthie, Garry G.

AU - Russell, Wendy R.

N1 - We acknowledge financial support from The Kellogg Company and the Scottish Government Food Land and People Programme.

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N2 - Scope: Phytophenols present in cereals are metabolised to compounds that could be partlyresponsible for the reduced risk of chronic diseases and all-cause mortality associated withfibre-rich diets. The bioavailability, form and in vivo concentrations of these metabolitesrequires to be established.Materials/Methods: Eight healthy volunteers consumed a test meal containing a recommended dose (40 g) and high dose (120 g) of ready-to-eat wheat bran cereal and thesystemic and colonic metabolites determined quantitatively by LC-MS.Conclusion: Analysis of the systemic metabolomes demonstrated that a wide range ofphytophenols were absorbed/excreted (43 metabolites) within five hours of consumption.These included 16 of the 21 major parent compounds identified in the intervention productand several of these were also found to be significantly increased in the colon. Not all of themetabolites were increased with the higher dose, suggesting some limitation in absorptiondue to intrinsic factors and/or the food matrix. Many compounds identified (e.g. ferulic acidand major metabolites) exhibit anti-inflammatory activity and impact on redox pathways. Thecombination of postprandial absorption and delivery to the colon, as well as hepatic recyclingof the metabolites at these concentrations is likely to be beneficial to both systemic and guthealth.

AB - Scope: Phytophenols present in cereals are metabolised to compounds that could be partlyresponsible for the reduced risk of chronic diseases and all-cause mortality associated withfibre-rich diets. The bioavailability, form and in vivo concentrations of these metabolitesrequires to be established.Materials/Methods: Eight healthy volunteers consumed a test meal containing a recommended dose (40 g) and high dose (120 g) of ready-to-eat wheat bran cereal and thesystemic and colonic metabolites determined quantitatively by LC-MS.Conclusion: Analysis of the systemic metabolomes demonstrated that a wide range ofphytophenols were absorbed/excreted (43 metabolites) within five hours of consumption.These included 16 of the 21 major parent compounds identified in the intervention productand several of these were also found to be significantly increased in the colon. Not all of themetabolites were increased with the higher dose, suggesting some limitation in absorptiondue to intrinsic factors and/or the food matrix. Many compounds identified (e.g. ferulic acidand major metabolites) exhibit anti-inflammatory activity and impact on redox pathways. Thecombination of postprandial absorption and delivery to the colon, as well as hepatic recyclingof the metabolites at these concentrations is likely to be beneficial to both systemic and guthealth.

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