Basin topology in dissipative chaotic scattering

Jesus M Seoane, Jacobo Aguirre, Miguel A. F. Sanjuan, Ying-Cheng Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chaotic scattering in open Hamiltonian systems under weak dissipation is not only of fundamental interest but also important for problems of current concern such as the advection and transport of inertial particles in fluid flows. Previous work using discrete maps demonstrated that nonhyperbolic chaotic scattering is structurally unstable in the sense that the algebraic decay of scattering particles immediately becomes exponential in the presence of weak dissipation. Here we extend the result to continuous-time Hamiltonian systems by using the Henon-Heiles system as a prototype model. More importantly, we go beyond to investigate the basin structure of scattering dynamics. A surprising finding is that, in the common case where multiple destinations exist for scattering trajectories, Wada basin boundaries are common and they appear to be structurally stable under weak dissipation, even when other characteristics of the nonhyperbolic scattering dynamics are not. We provide numerical evidence and a geometric theory for the structural stability of the complex basin topology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number023101
Number of pages8
JournalChaos
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006

Keywords

  • open hydrodynamical flows
  • Hamiltonian-systems
  • vortex pairs
  • boundaries
  • WADA
  • motion
  • dynamics
  • fluid
  • fluctuations
  • cylinders

Cite this

Seoane, J. M., Aguirre, J., Sanjuan, M. A. F., & Lai, Y-C. (2006). Basin topology in dissipative chaotic scattering. Chaos, 16(2), [023101]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2173342