Bathyal benthic fauna of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge between the Azores and the Reykjanes Ridge

Andrey V Gebruk, Nataliya E Budaeva, Nicola J King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The composition, taxonomic structure and distribution patterns of bathyal benthic fauna of the northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge between the Azores and the southern tip of the Reykjanes Ridge were studied from specimens collected on the ‘G.O. Sars MAR–ECO’ expedition in July 2004. Material was obtained from 16 Campelen 1800 trawls taken north of the Azores (42°N) and in two areas around the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone (CGFZ) (51°N and 53°N) at depths 1237–3527 m. A total of 192 species were recorded. Overall the MAR–ECO benthic fauna was dominated by echinoderms (49.5% of the total species sampled), sponges (18.2%) and anthozoans (16.7%). Between-station species similarity was analysed using non-metric multidimensional scaling. Our analysis revealed differences between stations from the CGFZ and the Azorean regions. Stations from the Azores formed one cluster whereas stations from the CGFZ separated into two groups related to depth: stations from depths 1263 m to 1916 m and those from 2350 m to 3512 m. The taxonomic structure of the bathyal fauna was also different in the Azores than in the CGFZ areas. At the CGFZ, taxa with the highest percentage of species present were different above and below the 2000 m bathymetric contour, in contrast close to the Azores taxa with the highest percentage of species were the same shallower and deeper than 2000 m. Our results point at turnover in benthic bathyal fauna between the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone and the Azores, which could be related to the presence of the Sub-Polar Front.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
Volume90
Issue number1
Early online date23 Nov 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

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Azores
fracture zone
fauna
polar front
Anthozoa
echinoderm
Echinodermata
Porifera
sponge
benthic fauna
turnover
station

Keywords

  • benthic fauna
  • bathyal
  • composition
  • taxonomic structure
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge
  • Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone
  • MAR–ECO
  • Azores

Cite this

Bathyal benthic fauna of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge between the Azores and the Reykjanes Ridge. / Gebruk, Andrey V; Budaeva, Nataliya E; King, Nicola J.

In: Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Vol. 90, No. 1, 02.2010, p. 1-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The composition, taxonomic structure and distribution patterns of bathyal benthic fauna of the northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge between the Azores and the southern tip of the Reykjanes Ridge were studied from specimens collected on the ‘G.O. Sars MAR–ECO’ expedition in July 2004. Material was obtained from 16 Campelen 1800 trawls taken north of the Azores (42°N) and in two areas around the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone (CGFZ) (51°N and 53°N) at depths 1237–3527 m. A total of 192 species were recorded. Overall the MAR–ECO benthic fauna was dominated by echinoderms (49.5{\%} of the total species sampled), sponges (18.2{\%}) and anthozoans (16.7{\%}). Between-station species similarity was analysed using non-metric multidimensional scaling. Our analysis revealed differences between stations from the CGFZ and the Azorean regions. Stations from the Azores formed one cluster whereas stations from the CGFZ separated into two groups related to depth: stations from depths 1263 m to 1916 m and those from 2350 m to 3512 m. The taxonomic structure of the bathyal fauna was also different in the Azores than in the CGFZ areas. At the CGFZ, taxa with the highest percentage of species present were different above and below the 2000 m bathymetric contour, in contrast close to the Azores taxa with the highest percentage of species were the same shallower and deeper than 2000 m. Our results point at turnover in benthic bathyal fauna between the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone and the Azores, which could be related to the presence of the Sub-Polar Front.",
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