Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans

Rhys A. Farrer (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The recently discovered species Batrachochytrium salamandivorans (Bsal) is a fungal pathogen of salamanders and newts that has recently spread from Asia into Europe, devastating the fire salamander. The disease is characterized by multifocal superficial erosions and deep ulcerations in the skin of salamanders, with several European species particularly susceptible. Although seemingly unaffected, the Anura (frogs and toads) can also act as Bsal carriers, with anthropogenic trade and inter/intraspecies contact likely spreading the disease. Bsal is closely related to the generalist amphibian pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), which was discovered two decades prior. The genome of Bsal is larger (32 Mb) than that of Bd (23 Mb) and it encodes over 100 metalloprotease M36 genes, correlating with its ulcerative pathology. Further work on the population genetics of Bsal and genetic differences between Bd and Bsal should uncover the mechanisms behind their differences in host specificity, pathology, and epidemiology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)892-893
Number of pages2
JournalTrends in Microbiology
Volume27
Issue number10
Early online date22 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Fingerprint

Chytridiomycota
Urodela
Anura
Pathology
Salamandridae
Host Specificity
Population Genetics
Metalloproteases
Amphibians
Epidemiology
Genome
Skin
Genes

Keywords

  • Batrachochytrium salamandivorans
  • chytrid
  • salamander
  • amphibian
  • CHYTRIDIOMYCOSIS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology
  • Microbiology

Cite this

Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans. / Farrer, Rhys A. (Corresponding Author).

In: Trends in Microbiology, Vol. 27, No. 10, 10.2019, p. 892-893.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Farrer, Rhys A. / Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans. In: Trends in Microbiology. 2019 ; Vol. 27, No. 10. pp. 892-893.
@article{87e9fc3f28d34465a1714e84cc7cab80,
title = "Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans",
abstract = "The recently discovered species Batrachochytrium salamandivorans (Bsal) is a fungal pathogen of salamanders and newts that has recently spread from Asia into Europe, devastating the fire salamander. The disease is characterized by multifocal superficial erosions and deep ulcerations in the skin of salamanders, with several European species particularly susceptible. Although seemingly unaffected, the Anura (frogs and toads) can also act as Bsal carriers, with anthropogenic trade and inter/intraspecies contact likely spreading the disease. Bsal is closely related to the generalist amphibian pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), which was discovered two decades prior. The genome of Bsal is larger (32 Mb) than that of Bd (23 Mb) and it encodes over 100 metalloprotease M36 genes, correlating with its ulcerative pathology. Further work on the population genetics of Bsal and genetic differences between Bd and Bsal should uncover the mechanisms behind their differences in host specificity, pathology, and epidemiology.",
keywords = "Batrachochytrium salamandivorans, chytrid, salamander, amphibian, CHYTRIDIOMYCOSIS",
author = "Farrer, {Rhys A.}",
note = "An Martel, University of Ghent, provided the micrograph of B. salamandrivorans, in which (left) Bsal sporangia in mTGhL media develop discharge tubes (arrow) to release zoospores, and (right) a scanning electron microscopic image of Bsal with rhizoids. Duncan Wilson and Matthew Fisher provided valuable comments.",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.tim.2019.04.009",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "892--893",
journal = "Trends in Microbiology",
issn = "0966-842X",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans

AU - Farrer, Rhys A.

N1 - An Martel, University of Ghent, provided the micrograph of B. salamandrivorans, in which (left) Bsal sporangia in mTGhL media develop discharge tubes (arrow) to release zoospores, and (right) a scanning electron microscopic image of Bsal with rhizoids. Duncan Wilson and Matthew Fisher provided valuable comments.

PY - 2019/10

Y1 - 2019/10

N2 - The recently discovered species Batrachochytrium salamandivorans (Bsal) is a fungal pathogen of salamanders and newts that has recently spread from Asia into Europe, devastating the fire salamander. The disease is characterized by multifocal superficial erosions and deep ulcerations in the skin of salamanders, with several European species particularly susceptible. Although seemingly unaffected, the Anura (frogs and toads) can also act as Bsal carriers, with anthropogenic trade and inter/intraspecies contact likely spreading the disease. Bsal is closely related to the generalist amphibian pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), which was discovered two decades prior. The genome of Bsal is larger (32 Mb) than that of Bd (23 Mb) and it encodes over 100 metalloprotease M36 genes, correlating with its ulcerative pathology. Further work on the population genetics of Bsal and genetic differences between Bd and Bsal should uncover the mechanisms behind their differences in host specificity, pathology, and epidemiology.

AB - The recently discovered species Batrachochytrium salamandivorans (Bsal) is a fungal pathogen of salamanders and newts that has recently spread from Asia into Europe, devastating the fire salamander. The disease is characterized by multifocal superficial erosions and deep ulcerations in the skin of salamanders, with several European species particularly susceptible. Although seemingly unaffected, the Anura (frogs and toads) can also act as Bsal carriers, with anthropogenic trade and inter/intraspecies contact likely spreading the disease. Bsal is closely related to the generalist amphibian pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), which was discovered two decades prior. The genome of Bsal is larger (32 Mb) than that of Bd (23 Mb) and it encodes over 100 metalloprotease M36 genes, correlating with its ulcerative pathology. Further work on the population genetics of Bsal and genetic differences between Bd and Bsal should uncover the mechanisms behind their differences in host specificity, pathology, and epidemiology.

KW - Batrachochytrium salamandivorans

KW - chytrid

KW - salamander

KW - amphibian

KW - CHYTRIDIOMYCOSIS

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065859492&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/batrachochytrium-salamandrivorans

UR - https://abdn.pure.elsevier.com/en/en/researchoutput/batrachochytrium-salamandrivorans(87e9fc3f-28d3-4465-a171-4e84cc7cab80).html

U2 - 10.1016/j.tim.2019.04.009

DO - 10.1016/j.tim.2019.04.009

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 892

EP - 893

JO - Trends in Microbiology

JF - Trends in Microbiology

SN - 0966-842X

IS - 10

ER -