Between prehistory and history: the archaeological detection of social change among the Picts

Gordon Noble, Meggen Gondek, Ewan Campbell, Murray Cook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The development of small-scale kingdoms in the post-Roman world of north-western Europe is a key stage in the subsequent emergence of medieval states. Recent excavations at Rhynie in north-eastern Scotland have thrown important light on the emergence of one such kingdom, that of the Picts. Enclosures, sculptured ‘symbol stones’ and long-distance luxury imports identify Rhynie as a place of growing importance during the fifth to sixth centuries AD. Parallels can be drawn with similar processes in southern Scandinavia, where leadership combined roles of ritual and political authority. The excavations at Rhynie and the synthesis of dated Pictish enclosures illustrate the contribution that archaeology can make to the understanding of state formation processes in early medieval Europe.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1136-1150
Number of pages15
JournalAntiquity
Volume87
Issue number338
Early online date21 Nov 2013
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2013

Fingerprint

prehistory
social change
Scandinavia
luxury
history
state formation
Western Europe
import
archaeology
religious behavior
symbol
leadership
History
Picts
Prehistory
Excavation
Archaeology
Enclosure
Kingdom
Roman World

Keywords

  • Scotland
  • Rhynie
  • early medieval
  • kingdoms
  • hillforts
  • Picts
  • sacral kingship

Cite this

Between prehistory and history : the archaeological detection of social change among the Picts. / Noble, Gordon; Gondek, Meggen; Campbell, Ewan; Cook, Murray.

In: Antiquity, Vol. 87, No. 338, 01.12.2013, p. 1136-1150.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Noble, G, Gondek, M, Campbell, E & Cook, M 2013, 'Between prehistory and history: the archaeological detection of social change among the Picts', Antiquity, vol. 87, no. 338, pp. 1136-1150.
Noble, Gordon ; Gondek, Meggen ; Campbell, Ewan ; Cook, Murray. / Between prehistory and history : the archaeological detection of social change among the Picts. In: Antiquity. 2013 ; Vol. 87, No. 338. pp. 1136-1150.
@article{ca80283f70954277a79fc9f36ce89fb5,
title = "Between prehistory and history: the archaeological detection of social change among the Picts",
abstract = "The development of small-scale kingdoms in the post-Roman world of north-western Europe is a key stage in the subsequent emergence of medieval states. Recent excavations at Rhynie in north-eastern Scotland have thrown important light on the emergence of one such kingdom, that of the Picts. Enclosures, sculptured ‘symbol stones’ and long-distance luxury imports identify Rhynie as a place of growing importance during the fifth to sixth centuries AD. Parallels can be drawn with similar processes in southern Scandinavia, where leadership combined roles of ritual and political authority. The excavations at Rhynie and the synthesis of dated Pictish enclosures illustrate the contribution that archaeology can make to the understanding of state formation processes in early medieval Europe.",
keywords = "Scotland, Rhynie , early medieval, kingdoms, hillforts, Picts, sacral kingship",
author = "Gordon Noble and Meggen Gondek and Ewan Campbell and Murray Cook",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "87",
pages = "1136--1150",
journal = "Antiquity",
issn = "0003-598X",
publisher = "Antiquity Ltd",
number = "338",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Between prehistory and history

T2 - the archaeological detection of social change among the Picts

AU - Noble, Gordon

AU - Gondek, Meggen

AU - Campbell, Ewan

AU - Cook, Murray

PY - 2013/12/1

Y1 - 2013/12/1

N2 - The development of small-scale kingdoms in the post-Roman world of north-western Europe is a key stage in the subsequent emergence of medieval states. Recent excavations at Rhynie in north-eastern Scotland have thrown important light on the emergence of one such kingdom, that of the Picts. Enclosures, sculptured ‘symbol stones’ and long-distance luxury imports identify Rhynie as a place of growing importance during the fifth to sixth centuries AD. Parallels can be drawn with similar processes in southern Scandinavia, where leadership combined roles of ritual and political authority. The excavations at Rhynie and the synthesis of dated Pictish enclosures illustrate the contribution that archaeology can make to the understanding of state formation processes in early medieval Europe.

AB - The development of small-scale kingdoms in the post-Roman world of north-western Europe is a key stage in the subsequent emergence of medieval states. Recent excavations at Rhynie in north-eastern Scotland have thrown important light on the emergence of one such kingdom, that of the Picts. Enclosures, sculptured ‘symbol stones’ and long-distance luxury imports identify Rhynie as a place of growing importance during the fifth to sixth centuries AD. Parallels can be drawn with similar processes in southern Scandinavia, where leadership combined roles of ritual and political authority. The excavations at Rhynie and the synthesis of dated Pictish enclosures illustrate the contribution that archaeology can make to the understanding of state formation processes in early medieval Europe.

KW - Scotland

KW - Rhynie

KW - early medieval

KW - kingdoms

KW - hillforts

KW - Picts

KW - sacral kingship

M3 - Article

VL - 87

SP - 1136

EP - 1150

JO - Antiquity

JF - Antiquity

SN - 0003-598X

IS - 338

ER -