Biodegradation of arsenosugars in marine sediment

P. Pengprecha, Mhairi Nicole Wilson, Andrea Raab, Jorg Feldmann

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Abstract

In the marine environment, arsenic accumulates in seaweed and occurs mostly in the form of arsenoribofuranosides (often called arsenosugars). This study investigated the degradation pathways of arsenosugars from decaying seaweed in a mesocosm experiment. Brown seaweed (Laminaria digitata) was placed on top of a marine sediment soaked with seawater. Seawater and porewater samples from different depths were collected and analysed for arsenic species in order to identify the degradation products using high-performance liquid chomatography-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. During the first 10 days most of the arsenic found in the seawater and the shallow sediment is in the form of the arsenosugars released from the seaweed. Dimethylarsenoylethanol (DMAE), dimethylarsinic acid (DMA(V)) and, later, monomethylarsonic acid (MMA(V)) and arsenite and arsenate were also formed. In the deeper anaerobic sediment, the arsenosugars disappear more quickly and DMAE is the main metabolite with 60-80% of the total arsenic for the first 60 days besides a constant DMAM contribution of 10-20% of total soluble arsenic. With the degradation of the soluble DMAE the solubility of arsenic decreases in the sediment. The final soluble degradation products (after 106 days) were arsenite, arsenate, MMA(V) and DMA(V). No arsenobetaine or arsenocholine were identified in the porewater. Copyright (c) 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)819-826
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Organometallic Chemistry
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • seaweed
  • Laminaria digitata
  • anaerobic degradation
  • biotransformation
  • arsenosugars
  • arsenoribofuranosides
  • mesocosm
  • arsenic speciation
  • KELP ECKLONIA-RADIATA
  • ANAEROBIC DECOMPOSITION
  • SARGASSUM-LACERIFOLIUM
  • ARSENIC SPECIATION
  • ICP-MS
  • BIOTRANSFORMATION
  • CHROMATOGRAPHY
  • ARSENOBETAINE
  • SEAWEED
  • SAMPLE

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