Biological Carbon Sequestration Technologies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Biological carbon sequestration technologies use the ability of living organisms like plants and microorganism to absorb carbon dioxide from atmosphere and store it as carbon in vegetation, soils, woody products and the aquatic environment. These processes play a major role in reducing the anthropogenic emitted greenhouse gas emissions and give therefore, possible mitigation options to diminish global warming and its negative impacts on our planet. The article presents terrestrial and ocean based solutions for carbon sequestration, their global potential as well as co-benefits and the challenges for implementing them.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalReference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Nov 2022


  • Afforestation
  • Agriculture
  • Biochar
  • Blue carbon
  • Carbon capture and storage
  • Carbon dioxide removal
  • Greenhouse gas removal
  • Mitigation
  • Ocean fertilization
  • Peatland restoration
  • Reforestation
  • Soil carbon sequestration
  • Wetland restoration


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